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抗烧蚀C/C复合材料研究进展

付前刚 张佳平 李贺军

付前刚, 张佳平, 李贺军. 抗烧蚀C/C复合材料研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2015, 30(2): 97-105.
引用本文: 付前刚, 张佳平, 李贺军. 抗烧蚀C/C复合材料研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2015, 30(2): 97-105.
FU Qian-gang, ZHANG Jia-ping, LI He-jun. Advances in the ablation resistance of C/C composites[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2015, 30(2): 97-105.
Citation: FU Qian-gang, ZHANG Jia-ping, LI He-jun. Advances in the ablation resistance of C/C composites[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2015, 30(2): 97-105.

抗烧蚀C/C复合材料研究进展

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金 (51221001, 51222207);"111"计划(B08040);凝固技术国家重点实验室开放课题(12-BZ-2014).
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    付前刚, 教授. E-mail: fuqiangang@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ342+.76

Advances in the ablation resistance of C/C composites

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51221001, 51222207); Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities, China (111 Project) (B08040); Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing (NWPU), China (12-BZ-2014).
  • 摘要: C/C复合材料因优异的高温性能被认为是高温结构件的理想材料。然而,C/C复合材料在高温高速粒子冲刷环境下的氧化烧蚀问题严重制约其应用。因此,如何提高C/C复合材料的抗烧蚀性能显得尤为重要。笔者综述C/C复合材料抗烧蚀的研究现状。目前,提高C/C复合材料抗烧蚀性能的途径主要集中于优化炭纤维预制体结构、控制热解炭织构、基体中陶瓷掺杂改性和表面涂覆抗烧蚀涂层等4种方法。主要介绍以上4种方法的研究现状,重点介绍基体改性和抗烧蚀涂层的最新研究进展。其中,涂层和基体改性是提高C/C复合材料抗烧蚀性能的两种有效方法。未来C/C 复合材料抗烧蚀研究的潜在方向主要集中于降低制造成本、控制热解炭织构、优化掺杂的陶瓷相以及将基体改性和涂层技术相结合。
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  • 收稿日期:  2014-10-10
  • 录用日期:  2015-05-04
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-18
  • 刊出日期:  2015-04-28

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