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磷酸活化法活性炭孔隙结构的调控机制

左宋林

左宋林. 磷酸活化法活性炭孔隙结构的调控机制. 新型炭材料, 2018, 33(4): 289-302.
引用本文: 左宋林. 磷酸活化法活性炭孔隙结构的调控机制. 新型炭材料, 2018, 33(4): 289-302.
ZUO Song-lin. A review of the control of pore texture of phosphoric acid-activated carbons. New Carbon Mater., 2018, 33(4): 289-302.
Citation: ZUO Song-lin. A review of the control of pore texture of phosphoric acid-activated carbons. New Carbon Mater., 2018, 33(4): 289-302.

磷酸活化法活性炭孔隙结构的调控机制

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(3127062,31470600).
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    左宋林,教授,博士.E-mail:zslnl@njfu.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

A review of the control of pore texture of phosphoric acid-activated carbons

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China(3127062, 31470600).
  • 摘要: 磷酸活化法是植物纤维原料制备活性炭的主要化学活化方法。笔者系统综述了磷酸活化过程中活性炭孔隙结构的调控机制。从化学的观点,笔者提出植物纤维原料的磷酸活化在本质上是磷酸-生物高分子复合体的形成与热处理两个过程。基于这一概念,分析了植物纤维原料的组成与结构、浸渍条件等因素对磷酸-生物高分子复合体的组成与结构的影响,全面总结了植物纤维原料种类与预处理、植物细胞壁结构和结晶度、浸渍比、浸渍方式、温度和时间等组成、结构与条件对磷酸法活性炭孔隙结构的形成与发展的影响规律。在磷酸-生物高分子热处理过程中,系统总结了炭化温度、升温速率与中间停留温度等加热历程、惰性气体、氧化性气体和水蒸气等气氛对磷酸活化法活性炭孔隙结构的影响规律。最后概述了氧化性气氛和氧化试剂对磷酸活化过程的影响机理,以及磷酸活化过程中固相炭化和气相炭化对活性炭孔隙结构发展的贡献。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-02-27
  • 录用日期:  2018-08-30
  • 修回日期:  2018-06-28
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-28

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