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包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料研究进展

魏剑 秦葱敏 苏欢 王佳敏 李雪婷

魏剑, 秦葱敏, 苏欢, 王佳敏, 李雪婷. 包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2020, 35(2): 97-111.
引用本文: 魏剑, 秦葱敏, 苏欢, 王佳敏, 李雪婷. 包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2020, 35(2): 97-111.
WEI Jian, QIN Cong-min, SU Huan, WANG Jia-min, LI Xue-ting. A review of silicon/carbon composite anode materials with an encapsulated structure for lithium-ion rechargeable batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2020, 35(2): 97-111.
Citation: WEI Jian, QIN Cong-min, SU Huan, WANG Jia-min, LI Xue-ting. A review of silicon/carbon composite anode materials with an encapsulated structure for lithium-ion rechargeable batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2020, 35(2): 97-111.

包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料研究进展

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(51578448,51308447);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划重大基础研究项目(2017ZDJC-18);留学人员科技活动择优资助项目(陕人社函[2016]789号);西安建筑科技大学"雁塔青年学者"项目.
详细信息
    作者简介:

    魏剑,博士,教授.E-mail:weijian@xauat.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM912

A review of silicon/carbon composite anode materials with an encapsulated structure for lithium-ion rechargeable batteries

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51578448, 51308447); Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (2017ZDJC-18); Technology Foundation for Selected Overseas Chinese Scholar, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China (Shan Ren She Han [2016]789); Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology "Yanta Young Scholars" Project.
  • 摘要: 以包覆结构Si/C复合材料作为负极的锂离子电池(LIBs)具有能量密度高、自放电效率低、循环寿命长等特点。然而,锂在硅中插入/脱出过程的体积膨胀和固体电解质界面膜(SEI)的不稳定性,阻碍了硅的商业化应用。本文通过对近年来新型包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料的构筑方法、电化学性能、比容量和循环性能进行分析和研究,发现包覆结构Si/C复合负极材料不仅可以缓解硅在锂化过程中的体积膨胀和炭层破裂,而且可以有效提高LIBs循环稳定性。因此,Si/C复合材料有望取代石墨成为高容量LIBs的主要负极材料。
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-01-03
  • 录用日期:  2020-04-28
  • 修回日期:  2020-03-20
  • 刊出日期:  2020-04-28

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