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The use of graphene and its composites to suppress the shuttle effect in lithium-sulfur batteries

LI Li-bo SHAN Yu-hang

李丽波, 单宇航. 石墨烯及其复合材料在锂硫电池中抑制穿梭效应的应用进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(2): 336-349. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60023-12
引用本文: 李丽波, 单宇航. 石墨烯及其复合材料在锂硫电池中抑制穿梭效应的应用进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(2): 336-349. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60023-12
LI Li-bo, SHAN Yu-hang. The use of graphene and its composites to suppress the shuttle effect in lithium-sulfur batteries[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(2): 336-349. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60023-12
Citation: LI Li-bo, SHAN Yu-hang. The use of graphene and its composites to suppress the shuttle effect in lithium-sulfur batteries[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(2): 336-349. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60023-12

石墨烯及其复合材料在锂硫电池中抑制穿梭效应的应用进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60023-12
详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TB33

The use of graphene and its composites to suppress the shuttle effect in lithium-sulfur batteries

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21706043)
More Information
  • 摘要: 硫锂电池具有比能高达1675 mAh g−1、价格低廉、环保等优点,是一种具有良好应用前景的二次电池。但由于放电过程中多硫化物溶解产生的穿梭效应、硫的绝缘和硫电极的体积膨胀等原因导致锂硫电池的循环稳定性还不能满足工业化要求。石墨烯具有优异的导电性、超大的比表面积、良好的机械柔韧性和热化学稳定性,因此石墨烯及其衍生物成为全固态锂硫电池电极和改性隔膜的重要材料。本文综述了在全固态锂硫电池中,石墨烯的网络结构对电子转移非常有利,可以限制硫电极体积膨胀并促进离子迁移;同时作为改性隔膜的首选材料之一,石墨烯及其衍生物的六边形层状结构形成的锂离子输运通道能够捕获硫。总结了石墨烯及其衍生物抑制穿梭效应的机制,提出了石墨烯在锂硫电池中的发展策略和前景。
  • FIG. 571.  FIG. 571.

    FIG. 571.. 

    Figure  1.  Schematic illustration of the fabrication procedure of Cu2SnS3@graphene-Li7P3S11 nanocomposite, where the hydrothermal method was applied to synthesize Cu2SnS3@graphene composite and then Li7P3S11 electrolyte was coated on Cu2SnS3@graphene by an in-situ liquid-phase reaction, followed by an annealing treatment[47]. Copyright (2019) WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

    Figure  2.  Schematic illustration of (a) synthesis process and (b) reaction mechanisms of rGO-MoS3 nanocomposites[42]. Copyright 2405-8297/© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of an all-solid-state LSB[52]. Copyrights 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

    Figure  4.  TEM images of GO-PEG@C/S with a scale bar of (a) 100 nm and (b) 200 nm, (c) HAADF-STEM image of the yellow dotted area in (b), and the corresponding elemental mapping of (d) sulfur, (e) carbon and (f) oxygen[11]. Copyright © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017.

    Figure  5.  (a) Schematic of interlayers containing CVD-G film and photograph showing a PP separator covered with two layers of CVD-G with a total thickness of ~0.6 nm and area of 5 × 60 cm2, (b, c) SEM images of a bare-PP and 2G-PP separator, (d) TEM image showing a cross section of 2G-PP and (e) Raman spectra of bare-PP and 2G-PP[59]. The copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society.

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic configuration of the synthesized GA–CNFs–Ni hybrids, schematic diagram of the LSBs with (b) pristine separator and (c) GA–CNFs–Ni coated separator[61]. The copyright© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2018.

    Figure  7.  (a) Schematic of a conventional configuration for LSBs with a commercial PP separator, (b) an optimized configuration with a NbN/G interlayer between the separator and the sulfur cathode and (c) the key role of NbN nanoparticles on regulating the redox conversion process of LiPSs[75]. Copyright 2095-4956/© 2019 Science Press and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press. All rights reserved.

    Figure  8.  Schematic illustration of synthesizing the BCN/G modifier and electrode configuration of the LSBs with a BCN/G modified separator[77]. Copyright 1572-6657/ © 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

    Figure  9.  (a) Schematic illustration of the preparation of Ni@NG with the Ni-N4 sites, (b) TEM and the corresponding element mapping images of Ni@ NG (The grey, cyan, red, white, and blue balls represent C, N, O, H, and Ni atoms, respectively), (c) the sub-angstrom resolution HAADF-STEM image of Ni@NG, where the single Ni atoms present as bright dots, (d) XANES, (e) FT-EXAFS spectra, and (f–h) WT transform contour plots at Ni K edge of Ni@NG with respect to the reference samples[79]. Copyright. 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

    Figure  10.  A graphene composite separator with abundant sulfonic groups was prepared by directly polymerizing hexamethylene diisocyanate with rGO and sodium lignosulfonates, followed by a simple filtration process. The rich negative charge in the composite separator effectively suppressed the translocation of the negatively charged polysulfide ions to enable highly robust LSBs[96]. The copyright @ 2018 Elsevier Inc.

    Table  1.   Mass loading or thickness of the coating layers of separators modified by graphene and its composites, and discharge and cycle performance of LSBs using them.

    Coating layerMass loading /mg cm−2Initial specific capacity /mA h g−1Cycle numbersCapacity decay rate /per cycleCurrent densityRef.
    GO/Nafion0.05310572000.18%0.1 C[4]
    GO/CNT1.113703000.17%0.2 C[34]
    Graphene1.39335000.064%0.89 C[37]
    RGO/AC modified separator-10781000.39%0.1 C[53]
    2G1.52×10-4103515000.026%0.5 C[59]
    Graphene@paper separator0.0088172000.225%0.5 C[60]
    Sandwich-type nitrogen and sulfur codoped graphene-backboned porous carbon (NSGPC)0.49 (21 μm)8905000.074%2 C[72]
    NbN/G0.2810793000.096%1 C[75]
    Oxygen doped carbon on the surface of reduced graphene oxide (ODC/rGO)0.50-6000.057%1 C[78]
    Ni@NG0.310595000.044%1 C[79]
    Fe-N-C/G0.083-5000.053%0.5 C[83]
    GA-VOx/CB-7526000.069%1 C[85]
    ZnO/CNT/rGO0.8510611500.18%0.2 C[86]
    ZnO/ NDG19422000.0499%0.1 C[88]
    PG-Fe3O40.4786964970.0376%0.1 C[89]
    ReS2@NG0.08−0.098548000.064%2 C[91]
    rGO@CoSe20.4910655000.0856%0.5 C[92]
    G@POF-Fe35 μm11202500.0788%0.2 C[93]
    Si3N4/rGO23 μm89710000.054%1 C[94]
    rGO@SL0.270710000.026%2 C[95]
    Graphene/ Li-stuffed garnet solid-state electrolyte (SSE)11 μm11652000.095%0.5 C[96]
    Li4Ti5O12 (LTO)/graphene0.346-5000.0286%1 C[99]
    Polypropylene/graphene oxide/Nafion0.053210572000.18%0.1 C[100]
    Ti3C2Tx/GO-904.53000.103%1 C[101]
    Graphene oxide0.129201000.23%0.1 C[102]
    MOF/GO0.311265000.058%0.5 C[103]
    TiO2/graphene0.09711003000.045%0.5 C[104]
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-26
  • 修回日期:  2020-09-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-05
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-01

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