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High performance lithium-sulfur batteries using three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbons to host the sulfur

SHAN Yu-hang LI Li-bo DU Jin-tian ZHAI Mo

单宇航, 李丽波, 杜金田, 翟墨. 三维多级孔炭封装硫制备在室温环境运行的锂硫电池[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(6): 1094-1102. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60063-X
引用本文: 单宇航, 李丽波, 杜金田, 翟墨. 三维多级孔炭封装硫制备在室温环境运行的锂硫电池[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(6): 1094-1102. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60063-X
SHAN Yu-hang, LI Li-bo, DU Jin-tian, ZHAI Mo. High performance lithium-sulfur batteries using three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbons to host the sulfur[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(6): 1094-1102. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60063-X
Citation: SHAN Yu-hang, LI Li-bo, DU Jin-tian, ZHAI Mo. High performance lithium-sulfur batteries using three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbons to host the sulfur[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(6): 1094-1102. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60063-X

三维多级孔炭封装硫制备在室温环境运行的锂硫电池

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60063-X
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(No. 21706043)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李丽波,教授. E-mail:lilibo@hrbust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

High performance lithium-sulfur batteries using three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbons to host the sulfur

More Information
  • 摘要: 锂硫电池由于其高能量密度和低廉的价格,将在未来的储能领域得到广泛应用。然而,它面临许多挑战,特别是在硫的负载和可溶性多硫化物的穿梭效应方面。为了解决这些问题,本文设计了一种三维多级孔炭材料(3D-HPC)作为锂硫电池中硫的载体。采用模板法,在去除模板剂聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯和氧化锌后得到了三维多孔结构。电镜和BET测试表明相互连通的大孔道与大量的大尺寸介孔协同构成了三维导电碳网络。三维网络有利于离子和电子的转移,同时通过较大尺寸的孔缓解阴极的体积膨胀,多级孔通过毛细凝结抑制了穿梭效应。电化学测试结果表明,3D-HPC-S阴极具有良好的电化学性能。在实际环境中的测试结果显示0.2倍率下3D-HPC-S首次放电比容量为1 314.6 mAh·g−1,经100次循环后,容量保持率为69.13%。在0.5倍率下循环200次容量保持率为59.02%,平均库伦效率为98.16%。3D-HPC-S阴极有望进一步促进锂硫电池的商业化发展。
  • FIG. 1076.  FIG. 1076.

    FIG. 1076.. 

    Figure  1.  Flow chart and schematic diagram illustrating the preparation process of 3D-HPC-S composite.

    Figure  2.  SEM images of (a) 3D-HPC-1, (b) 3D-HPC-1-S, (c) 3D-HPC-2, (d) 3D-HPC-2-S, (e) TEM images of 3D-HPC-1 (10000 ×), (f) 3D-HPC-1 (20000 ×), (g) 3D-HPC-2 (10000 ×), (h) 3D-HPC-2(20000 ×).

    Figure  3.  (a) XRD patterns of 3D-HPC-1 and 3D-HPC-2, (b) the pore size distribution and adsorption isotherm of 3D-HPC-1 and the XPS narrow (c) C element and (d) S element spectra of 3D-HPC-1-S.

    Figure  4.  CV of (a) 3D-HPC-1-S and (b) 3D-HPC-2-S cathodes between 3.0 V and 1.5 V with a scan rate of 1 mV s−1, (c) EIS spectra of the 3D-HPC-1-S and 3D-HPC-2-S cathodes before the cycle, (d) long-term cycling stabilities of the 3D-HPC-1-S cathode and 3D-HPC-2-S cathode over 100 cycles, charge-discharge profiles of (e) 3D-HPC-1 and (f) 3D-HPC-2 cathode at 0.5 C for 1st, 20th, 50th and 100th cycles.

    Figure  5.  (a) Long-term cycling performance of 3D-HPC-1-S cathode with a sulfur loading of 0.3276 mg cm−2 in practical environment and (b) long-term cycling performance of 3D-HPC-1-S cathode with a sulfur loading of 0.5823 mg cm−2 in practical environment.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-24
  • 修回日期:  2020-06-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-06-03
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-01

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