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Structure and Electrochemical properties of coconut shell-based hard carbon as anode materials for potassium ion batteries

HUANG Tao PENG Da-chun CHEN Zui XIA Xiao-hong CHEN Yu-xi LIU Hong-bo

HUANG Tao, PENG Da-chun, CHEN Zui, XIA Xiao-hong, CHEN Yu-xi, LIU Hong-bo. Structure and Electrochemical properties of coconut shell-based hard carbon as anode materials for potassium ion batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60069-0
Citation: HUANG Tao, PENG Da-chun, CHEN Zui, XIA Xiao-hong, CHEN Yu-xi, LIU Hong-bo. Structure and Electrochemical properties of coconut shell-based hard carbon as anode materials for potassium ion batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60069-0

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60069-0

Structure and Electrochemical properties of coconut shell-based hard carbon as anode materials for potassium ion batteries

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51772083, 51402101); Science and Technology Planning Project of Hunan Province (2018GK1030)
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  • Figure  1.  Schematic illustration for the synthesis of coconut shell-derived hard carbon (CSHC).

    Figure  2.  SEM images of (a) CSHC-8, (b) CSHC-10, and (c) CSHC-12. HRTEM images of (d) CSHC-8, (e) CSHC-10, and (f) CSHC-12.

    Figure  3.  (a) N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and (b) BJH pore size distribution of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures.

    Figure  4.  (a) XRD patterns, (b) Raman spectra, (d) XPS spectra, and (e) high-resolution C1s spectrum of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures; (c) the deconvoluted Raman spectra, and (f) high-resolution O1s spectrum of CSHC-10.

    Figure  5.  (a) The first charge/discharge profiles, and (b) Capacity proportion contributed by different voltage regions during the first discharge process of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures; CV curves of (c) CSHC-8, (d) CSHC-10, (e) CSHC-12.

    Figure  6.  (a) Rate capability (b) Capacity retention at various current densities, and (c) Cyclic performance of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures; (d) Long-term cyclic performance of CSHC-10 at 100 mA·g-1.

    Figure  7.  The EIS curves and corresponding equivalent circuit model of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures.

    Table  1.   The structural parameters and XPS element analysis of the CSHC materials prepared from different carbonization temperatures

    SamplesSBET m2·g−1Vpore cm3·g−1d002 nmLc nmLa nmID/IGXPS analysis /%
    CONC―CC―OHC=O
    CSHC-8217.50.1490.3891.045.893.2688.7910.240.9759.1229.8311.04
    CSHC-1078.50.0610.3861.156.522.9589.529.540.9459.6329.7110.65
    CSHC-129.30.0110.3771.247.402.6091.197.850.9561.3327.0511.62
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   The fitting values of the resistance components in the equivalent circuit.

    SmplesRSRFRct
    CSHC-81.3186.495.9
    CSHC-105.256.2535.5
    CSHC-124.611.7772.9
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-01-01
  • 修回日期:  2020-01-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-06-11

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