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Research progress on carbon-based materials for electromagnetic wave absorption and the related mechanisms

YANG Wang JIANG Bo CHE Sai YAN Lu LI Zheng-xuan LI Yong-feng

杨旺, 蒋波, 车赛, 闫璐, 李正轩, 李永峰. 碳基电磁波吸收材料及其机理研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(6): 1016-1033. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60095-1
引用本文: 杨旺, 蒋波, 车赛, 闫璐, 李正轩, 李永峰. 碳基电磁波吸收材料及其机理研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(6): 1016-1033. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60095-1
YANG Wang, JIANG Bo, CHE Sai, YAN Lu, LI Zheng-xuan, LI Yong-feng. Research progress on carbon-based materials for electromagnetic wave absorption and the related mechanisms[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(6): 1016-1033. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60095-1
Citation: YANG Wang, JIANG Bo, CHE Sai, YAN Lu, LI Zheng-xuan, LI Yong-feng. Research progress on carbon-based materials for electromagnetic wave absorption and the related mechanisms[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(6): 1016-1033. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60095-1

碳基电磁波吸收材料及其机理研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60095-1
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21908245,21776308),中国石油大学(北京)科学基金(2462018YJRC009)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李永峰,博士,教授. E-mail:yfli@cup.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

Research progress on carbon-based materials for electromagnetic wave absorption and the related mechanisms

More Information
    Author Bio:

    杨 旺,博士,副教授. E-mail:wyang@cup.edu.cn杨旺、蒋波为共同第一作者

    Corresponding author: LI Yong-feng, Professor. E-mail: yfli@cup.edu.cn
  • ‡ The first two authors contributed equally to this work
  • 摘要: 随着电子信息技术的发展,微波在军事和民用领域的应用越来越广泛。相应的电磁辐射污染成为全球关注的问题。为了合成厚度薄、密度低、吸收频带宽和吸收强度高的电磁波吸收材料,研究者们进行了大量的努力。碳基材料由于重量轻、衰减能力强、比表面积大和优异的物理化学稳定性,在电磁波吸收方面表现出巨大的潜力。本文首先介绍了吸波材料的衰减理论和影响吸波性能的因素。接下来,总结了不同维度的纯炭材料(如0维炭球、一维炭纳米管、二维炭片和三维多孔炭)以及由碳和磁性物质、陶瓷、金属硫化物、Mxene以及导电聚合物等异质成分组成的复合材料的研究现状。详细介绍了吸波剂的代表性合成方法、吸波性能以及衰减机理。最后,提出了对于未来挑战和发展前景的看法。
    ‡ The first two authors contributed equally to this work
  • FIG. 1032.  FIG. 1032.

    FIG. 1032.. 

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of various carbon-based EWA materials.

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of reflection, absorption and transmission of EWs.

    Figure  3.  Schematic illustration on (a) the fabrication and (b) absorption mechanism of hollow carbon microspheres (Reproduced with permission[32]. Copyright 2019, Elsevier), TEM images of (c1) solid carbon nanoparticles, (c2) HPCNs-1, (c3) HPCNs-2 and (c4) HPCNs-3, (d) conduction loss and (e) polarization loss of all HPCNs-m samples and (f) the RL and effective absorption bandwidth of HPCNs-3 (Reproduced with permission[37]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier).

    Figure  4.  (a) The absorption mechanisms of hybrids of F-SWCNTs and p-SWCNTs, (b) impedance matching and (c) attenuation constant of hybrids with different ratios (Reproduced with permission[43]. Copyright 2018, Royal Society of Chemistry), (d) the synthesis process, (e) SEM image, (f) 3D RL plot, and (g) absorption mechanism of thin flake graphite (Reproduced with permission[46]. Copyright 2019, Elsevier).

    Figure  5.  (a) Superior strength, (b) light weight and (c) absorption properties of N-doped graphene foams (Reproduced with permission[53]. Copyright 2019, Elsevier), (d) digital image and (e) SEM image of porous carbon derived from wheat fluor dough, (f) EMA performance under the condition of different fermentation time (Reproduced with permission[57]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier), (g) fabrication of hierarchical porous carbon and (h) its corresponding absorption performance (Reproduced with permission[62]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier).

    Figure  6.  (a) Preparation diagram, (b) SEM image, (c) TEM image, and (d) absorption curves of Ni@NPC (Reproduced with permission[7]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier), (e) synthesis procedure of the “3D carbon nanocoil-2D reduced graphene oxide-1D carbon nanofiber-0D metal oxide nanoparticles” hierarchical aerogel (RGO/CNC/CNF/M-NPs) (Reproduced with permission[66]. Copyright 2021, Springer Nature).

    Figure  7.  Microwave loss mechanisms of RGO/CNC/CNF/M-NP aerogel (Reproduced with permission[66]. Copyright 2021, Springer Nature).

    Figure  8.  (a) Outstanding EWA performance of ZnO@carbon composite (Reproduced with permission[10]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier), (b) lightweight and flexible C-SiC nanofiber with strong EWA (Reproduced with permission[71]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier), (c) absorption mechanisms of MoS2/HCS (Reproduced with permission[9]. Copyright 2020, American Chemical Society) and (d) preparation process, TEM image and absorption performance of ZnS@N-doped porous carbon nanoribbons (ZnS@ NPCNRs) (Reproduced with permission[76]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier).

    Figure  9.  (a-c) Schematic diagram of the preparation, morphology and absorption property of Ti3C2Tx MXene@graphene oxide hybride aerogel microspheres (Reproduced with permission[77]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier), (d) excellent properties of 3D hybrid foam (Reproduced with permission[83]. Copyright 2020, American Chemical Society) and (e) EWA, Self-cleaning, and thermal insulation of PCF aerogel (Reproduced with permission[84]. Copyright 2019, Wiley-VCH).

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-09
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-12
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-01

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