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A comprehensive review on 3D printing of sp2 carbons: Materials, properties and applications

Satendra Kumar Manoj Goswami Netrapal Singh Sathish Natarajan Surender Kumar

SatendraKumar, ManojGoswami, NetrapalSingh, SathishNatarajan, SurenderKumar. sp2碳用于3D打印技术综述:材料、性能和应用. 新型炭材料(中英文). doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60651-6
引用本文: SatendraKumar, ManojGoswami, NetrapalSingh, SathishNatarajan, SurenderKumar. sp2碳用于3D打印技术综述:材料、性能和应用. 新型炭材料(中英文). doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60651-6
Satendra Kumar, Manoj Goswami, Netrapal Singh, Sathish Natarajan, Surender Kumar. A comprehensive review on 3D printing of sp2 carbons: Materials, properties and applications. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60651-6
Citation: Satendra Kumar, Manoj Goswami, Netrapal Singh, Sathish Natarajan, Surender Kumar. A comprehensive review on 3D printing of sp2 carbons: Materials, properties and applications. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60651-6

sp2碳用于3D打印技术综述:材料、性能和应用

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60651-6
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    Surender Kumar, Ph.D. E-mail: surenderjanagal@gmail.com, surenderjanagal@gmail.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

A comprehensive review on 3D printing of sp2 carbons: Materials, properties and applications

More Information
  • 摘要: 3D打印可以改变现有的生产方法,是第四次工程革命中的一项现代技术。它从成型原理上提出了分层制造、逐层叠加成型的新颖生产方法,从根本上简化了制造工艺,实现了大规模定制生产。然而,这一新技术仍存在许多问题。除了纯石墨烯外,sp2碳具有好的亲水性,3D打印难度较小。sp2碳还可在3D打印中的各种阶段应用。纯石墨烯的疏水性使其难以在水系介质中打印和加工。毛细管油墨的发展使得纯石墨烯的3D打印成为可能。本文综述了sp2碳的3D打印技术的最新进展。首先简要概述了3D打印技术,随后概述了sp2碳的3D打印及其在各种方面的应用。最后,讨论了这一新领域的发展前景和机遇。
  • Figure  1.  Schematic representation of 3D printed sp2 carbons and their possible applications

    Figure  2.  Technical classification of 3D printing techniques. PolyJet: photopolymer jetting, SLM: selective laser melting, HSS: high-speed sintering, BJ: binder jetting, EBM: electron beam melting. Adopted from Ref.[45] with little modifications

    Figure  3.  Cyclic voltammetric (CV) of (a) TBHQ, (b) BHA, (c) differential pulse voltammetry responses of TBHQ and BHA, and (d) corresponding calibration curves. Reproduced from Ref.[59] with permission from Springer. (e) Calculated reflection loss curves, (g) corresponding 3D plot, (f) layer thickness matching , and (h) effective absorption bandwidth. Reproduced from Ref.[57] with permission from the Elsevier

    Figure  4.  (a) SEM image of 3D printed CNTs. (b) Schematic of fabricated device. (c) Real-time digital image of the device. (d) CV profile of 3D printed CNT device. Reproduced from Ref.[72] with permission from the American Chemical Society. (e) TEM image of CNTs. (f) Schematic of the device in which polymer gel electrolyte is cast. (g) SEM image of the electrode material. (h) CV profile of packaged device. Reproduced from Ref.[73] with permission from the American Chemical Society

    Figure  5.  (a) and (c) Printed structures. (b) and (d) FESEM images. (e) Viscoelastic fingerprints of 3D printed PVA-GO ink with 0.3% GO loading. Reproduced from Ref. [99] with permission from the American Chemical Society

    Figure  6.  (a) Graphical representation of printing process and different structures printed with GO/geopolymer nanocomposite. (b) Printability of GG/GO bio-inks. Digital images of (c) the printed matrix pentagram, (d) gradient spacing grids and ( e, f, g) printing fidelity for GO bio-inks. Reproduced from Ref.[102] and [92] with permission from the Elsevier

    Figure  7.  (a) Schematic of 3D rGO scaffold preparation. (b) Macroscopic images of prepared scaffolds (side and top views). (c) Biological properties. Reproduced from Ref.[100] with permission from the Elsevier

    Figure  8.  (a) Schematic of temperature treatment setup for rGO. (b) Digital image of Al-rGO thin film. I vs V profile of Al-rGO film (c) before and (d) after heat treatment. (e) Al-rGO thin film under Joule heating. (f) Emission spectra of thin-film. (g) Temperature monitored at different powers. (h) Raman spectra with and without heat treatment. Reproduced from Ref.[101] with permission from Nature

    Figure  9.  (a) Graphical representation of ink formulation and printing. (b) Conductivity of 3D printed aqueous graphene ink. (c) Storage modulus vs octanol amount. X-ray tomography analysis: (d) 3D image, (e) cross-section view and (f) histogram of graphene flake orientation. Reproduced from Ref.[117] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry. (g) Digital image and schematic of 3D printed device. (h) CV profile, (i) GCD profile, (j) histogram of areal capacitance, (k) cycle test profile and (l) Nyquist plot ofthe 3D printed flexible supercapacitor. Reproduced from Ref.[118] with permission from the American Chemical Society

    Figure  10.  (a) Schematic and optical micrographs of the graphene electrode. (b) and (c) The morphology of printed graphene electrode. (d) 2D and 3D images for surface roughness study. (e) and (f) AFM image and height profile of the electrode. (g) The electrode thickness vs printing speed. (h) Conductivity vs electrode thickness. (i) Resistance vs electrode length. (j) CV profile, (k) Nyquist plot and (l) magnified Nyquist plot for the annealed electrode. Reproduced from Ref.[120] with permission from the American Chemical Society

    Figure  11.  (a) Schematic mechanism of self-healing and shear-thinning behavior of colloidal gel. (b) SEM and (c) digital image of a colloidal gel. Reproduced from Ref.[122] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry. (d) 3D printed GQDs structure. (e) and (f) Fluorescence images at 365 nm excitation. (g) Storage (solid) and loss (empty) modulus curves of GQD-hydrogel. (h) Effect of cycling on storage and loss modulus. Reproduced from Ref.[127] with permission from the American Chemical Society

    Table  1.   3D printed CNT-polymer structures

    Materials3D Printing TechniquesApplications or TestingRef.
    CNTs-PBTFDMElectrical conductivity and mechanical stability[81]
    CNTs-PEDOT:PSSIJPTransparent and conductive patterns[82]
    CNTs-PEGDLPElectrical contacts[83]
    MWCNTs-TPUFDMStrain sensors[84]
    MWCNTsIJPConductive patterns[85]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   3D printed sp2 carbons and their applications

    MaterialsApplicationsRef.
    Graphene-CMCElectrical properties[117]
    Graphene-aerogelEnergy storage[141]
    Graphene/Li0.35Zn0.3Fe2.35O4Microwave absorption[142]
    Graphene/Carbonyl Iron/PMMAMicrowave absorption[143]
    Graphene-polyamideElectric motor[144]
    GO-LFP and GO-LTOEnergy storage[145]
    Functionalized-GOBiosensors[146]
    GO-PLABone tissue engineering[147]
    rGO-polycaprolactoneRegenerative engineering[148]
    rGO/magnesium nanohybridBone tissue engineering[149]
    rGO-polycaprolactoneAntibacterial and Tissue Engineering[150]
    rGO-gold compositeElectrochemical detection[151]
    rGO-MXeneElectromagnetic interference shielding[152]
    rGO-MnO2Energy storage[153]
    GO-elastomer resin compositeStrain sensors[154]
    CNT yarn-UltemStructural applications[155]
    Multiwall CNTs-PLAConductive patterns[156]
    CNTs-PLAWelding[157]
    CNTs-PolycaprolactoneCardiac Tissue Engineering[158]
    Multiwall CNTs-PEGDA bioinkNerve regeneration[159]
    CNTs-TPUMultiaxial force sensors[160]
    Multiwall CNTs-PDMSStrain sensors[161]
    Orange CDs-sodium polyacrylateOptical properties[133]
    CDs-hydrogelsOptical properties[162]
    Red CDs-2-HCAGas sensors[163]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-01
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