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光引发合成聚丙烯腈研究

李立山 刘沛沛 苏亚男 张兴华 张寿春

李立山, 刘沛沛, 苏亚男, 张兴华, 张寿春. 光引发合成聚丙烯腈研究[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(2): 429-434. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20190031
引用本文: 李立山, 刘沛沛, 苏亚男, 张兴华, 张寿春. 光引发合成聚丙烯腈研究[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(2): 429-434. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20190031
LI Li-shan, LIU Pei-pei, SU Ya-nan, ZHANG Xing-hua, ZHANG Shou-chun. Preparation and characterization of polyacrylonitrile for carbon fiber manufacture by photo-induced polymerization[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(2): 429-434. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20190031
Citation: LI Li-shan, LIU Pei-pei, SU Ya-nan, ZHANG Xing-hua, ZHANG Shou-chun. Preparation and characterization of polyacrylonitrile for carbon fiber manufacture by photo-induced polymerization[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(2): 429-434. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20190031

光引发合成聚丙烯腈研究

doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20190031
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(U1510119);中科院重点部署项目(CXJJ-16M127);中科院青年创新促进会优秀会员资助(2012140);山西省重点研发计划项目(202003D111002);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类) 子课题(XDA17040519); 山西省重点研发计划(201803D121042)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李立山,硕士研究生. E-mail:18335164300@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张兴华,副研究员. E-mail:zhangxh@sxicc.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ342+.74

Preparation and characterization of polyacrylonitrile for carbon fiber manufacture by photo-induced polymerization

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1510119); Key Development Projects for Chinese Academy of Sciences (CXJJ-16M127); Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funds for Chinese Academy of Sciences (2012140); Key R & D project of Shanxi Province (202003D111002); Special Project of Strategic Leading Science and Technoligy of Chinese Academy of Sciences(A) Sub Topic (XDA17040519), and Key R & D Projects of Shanxi Province (201803D121042)
More Information
  • 摘要: 调控聚丙烯腈分子量及其分布一直是炭纤维制备的重要问题。本文以丙烯腈为反应单体,二甲基亚砜为溶剂,采用光引发方式结合溶液聚合方法研究聚丙烯腈的合成。分别用乌氏黏度计和凝胶色谱仪测定了聚合物的分子量和分子量分布,并用红外光谱仪以及核磁共振仪对聚合物的分子结构进行了分析。结果表明,不含化学引发剂的光引发溶液聚合方法所合成的产物为聚丙烯腈;随着反应温度的不断上升或者单体浓度的持续增加,转化率和黏均分子量均增大;与传统化学引发剂引发的丙烯腈自由基聚合相比,采用光引发丙烯腈聚合体系,能够大幅度降低聚合物的分子量分布指数,制得分子量高、分布指数较窄的聚丙烯腈。
  • FIG. 577.  FIG. 577.

    FIG. 577..  FIG. 577.

    图  1  聚丙烯腈的光引发制备示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of photo-induced acrylonitrile polymerization.

    图  2  丙烯腈光引发聚合产物的红外吸收光谱图

    (a. 60 ℃/20%/6 h; b. 20 ℃/20%/12 h; c. 40 ℃/20%/6 h; d. 60 ℃/10%/6 h; e. 60 ℃/25%/6 h).

    Figure  2.  Infrared spectra of photo-induced polymeriaztion products from acrylonitrile.

    图  3  丙烯腈光引发聚合产物的13C-NMR谱图

    Figure  3.  13C-NMR spectrum of photo-induced polymerization products from acrylonitrile.

    图  4  聚合温度对转化率的影响

    Figure  4.  The effect of temperature on the monomer conversion.

    图  5  聚合温度对黏均分子量的影响

    Figure  5.  The effect of temperature on the viscosity average molecular weight.

    图  6  单体浓度对转化率的影响

    Figure  6.  The effect of the monomer concentration on the conversion.

    图  7  单体浓度对黏均分子量的影响

    Figure  7.  The effect of the monomer concentration on the viscosity average molecular weight.

    图  8  单体浓度对分子量及分子量分布的影响

    Figure  8.  The effect of concentration on the molecular weight and its polydispersity index.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-03-06
  • 修回日期:  2019-05-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-31
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-01

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