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锌离子电容器用碳基正极材料的研究进展

王满 车晓刚 刘思宇 杨卷

王满, 车晓刚, 刘思宇, 杨卷. 锌离子电容器用碳基正极材料的研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(1): 155-166. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20200264
引用本文: 王满, 车晓刚, 刘思宇, 杨卷. 锌离子电容器用碳基正极材料的研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(1): 155-166. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20200264
WANG Man, CHE Xiao-gang, LIU Si-yu, YANG Juan. A review of carbon-based cathode materials for zinc-ion capacitors[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 155-166. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20200264
Citation: WANG Man, CHE Xiao-gang, LIU Si-yu, YANG Juan. A review of carbon-based cathode materials for zinc-ion capacitors[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 155-166. doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20200264

锌离子电容器用碳基正极材料的研究进展

doi: 10.19869/j.ncm.1007-8827.20200264
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51802251)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王满:王 满,博士研究生. E-mail:jackwang51888@163.com

    通讯作者:

    杨 卷,博士,副教授. E-mail:juanyang@xjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

A review of carbon-based cathode materials for zinc-ion capacitors

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51802251).
More Information
  • 摘要: 锌离子电容器凭借锌资源储量丰富、理论容量高等特点,在获得安全可靠、性能优异的混合型电容器方面展现出极具竞争力的优势,已逐渐成为新能源储能领域的研究热点。碳基材料因其原料来源广泛、制备过程简单、表面易修饰等特点,常被用作锌离子电容器的正极材料。本文总结了碳基电极材料在柔性/非柔性锌离子电容器应用中的最新研究进展,阐述了碳基材料结构与表面性质对其性能的影响,同时对碳基材料正极的储能机理进行了讨论。最后,梳理了目前碳基正极材料的研究热点和未来发展方向。
  • 图  1  锌离子电容器的配置和工作机理示意图

    Figure  1.  Configuration and working mechanism of the aqueous zinc hybrid capacitor.

    图  2  硼、磷掺杂对活性炭样品在润湿性和导电性方面的影响[29]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram showing the advantages of the optimized P&B co-doped AC, including an enhanced wettability and an improved electrical conductivity[29]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  3  (A) ZIC在开放测试条件下的工作原理示意图;(B) 开放测试条件下ZIC在不同扫描速率下的CV曲线和(C)不同电流密度下的GCD曲线以及(D)在不同电流密度下的充放电时间;(E) 纽扣式电池测试条件下ZIC在不同电流密度下的GCD曲线;(F) 在开放和纽扣式电池测试条件下ZIC的容量比较[35]

    Figure  3.  (A) Schematic illustration of the ZIC in air atmosphere; (B) CV curves of the ZIC at different scan rates in air; (C) GCD curves at different current densities in air; (D) Charge and discharge times for the ZIC in air at different current densities; (E) GCD curves of the ZIC at different current densities in coin type; (F) Capacity comparison of the ZIC tested in air and coin type[35]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  4  (A) 空心中孔炭球的制备过程示意图;(B,C) 间苯二酚-甲醛包覆的SiO2纳米球中间体;(D,E)碳包覆的SiO2中间体炭化后的低倍和高倍数SEM照片;(F,G) 炭纳米球的SEM图;(H) 炭纳米球的HAADF照片;(I) 具有多孔结构炭球的STEM放大照片;(J) C元素分布[41]

    Figure  4.  (A) Illustration of the fabrication processes of hollow mesoporous carbon spheres; Low- and high-magnification SEM images of (B, C) resorcinol-formaldehyde-coated SiO2 nanospheres intermediates; (D, E) Carbon-coated SiO2 intermediates after carbonizing the organic surface; (F, G) Carbon nanospheres; (H) HAADF image of as-synthesized carbon nanospheres; (I) A magnified STEM image of one single carbon sphere with a porous surface; (J) C-K edge elemental mapping[41]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  5  (A) 柔性准固态微型ZHC的制造过程示意图;(B) 微型ZHC在不同扫描速率下的CV曲线;(C) 不同电流密度下的GCD曲线和(D)倍率曲线;(E) 太阳能电池的面电流密度为1 mA cm−2且弯曲情况下的ZHC串/并联的GCD曲线;(F)从0°到180°不同弯曲角度下且面电流密度为1 mA cm−2时的GCD曲线[58]

    Figure  5.  (A) Fabrication procedure for the flexible quasi-solid-state micro-ZHCs; (B) CV curves of the micro-ZHCs at different scan rates; (C) GCD curves at different current densities; (D) Areal capacity and rate capability; (E) GCD curves at 1 mA cm−2 of a single cell, and two cells connected in series or parallel. The inset shows two cells connected in series and good flexibility of the device; (F) GCD curves at 1 mA cm−2 of the micro ZHCs under different bending angles from 0° to 180°[58]. Reprinted with permission.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-29
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-03
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-01

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