Volume 36 Issue 1
Feb.  2021
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Article Contents
GAO Feng, ZANG Yun-hao, WANG Yan, GUAN Chun-qian, QU Jiang-ying, WU Ming-bo. A review of the synthesis of carbon materials for energy storage from biomass and coal/heavy oil waste[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 34-48. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60003-3
Citation: GAO Feng, ZANG Yun-hao, WANG Yan, GUAN Chun-qian, QU Jiang-ying, WU Ming-bo. A review of the synthesis of carbon materials for energy storage from biomass and coal/heavy oil waste[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 34-48. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60003-3

A review of the synthesis of carbon materials for energy storage from biomass and coal/heavy oil waste

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60003-3
Funds:  This work was supported by the NSFC (51972059), Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (2019A1515110526), Research start-up funds of DGUT (GC300501-072, GC300502-16), Scientific Research Foundation for Leading Scholars in Dongguan University of Technology (DGUT) (GB200902-31)
More Information
  • Author Bio:

    GAO Feng. E-mail: fenggao2003@163.com

  • Corresponding author: QU Jiang-ying, Ph.D, Professor. E-mail: qujianggaofeng@163.com; WU Ming-bo, Ph.D, Professor. E-mail: wumb@upc.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-11-30
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-12-17
  • Available Online: 2021-02-03
  • Publish Date: 2021-02-02
  • Recent progress in the synthesis of carbon materials from biomass and coal/heavy oil waste and their use as the electrode materials of supercapacitors and Li-ion batteries is reviewed. The carbon precursors include seafood and agricultural waste, and coal and heavy oil by-products. The carbon materials include 0D carbon quantum dots, 1D carbon nanofibers, 2D carbon nanosheets, and 3D carbon frameworks. Techniques to tailor the carbon porosity/surface include KOH activation with and without self-templating, self-activation and/or in-situ templating, and heteroatom doping with N, O, P and their co-doping. The effects of porosity and heteroatom doping on the electrochemical performance are summarized. The challenges for the synthesis, microstructural tailoring of these materials and their potential use in supercapacitors and Li-ion batteries are analyzed.
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