Volume 36 Issue 1
Feb.  2021
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WENG Jia-ze, WANG Shi-yong, ZHANG Pei-xin, LI Chang-ping, WANG Gang. A review of metal-organic framework-derived carbon electrode materials for capacitive deionization[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 117-132. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60009-4
Citation: WENG Jia-ze, WANG Shi-yong, ZHANG Pei-xin, LI Chang-ping, WANG Gang. A review of metal-organic framework-derived carbon electrode materials for capacitive deionization[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 117-132. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60009-4

A review of metal-organic framework-derived carbon electrode materials for capacitive deionization

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60009-4
Funds:  The authors would like to offer special thanks to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21878049); Dongguan Introduction Program of Leading Innovative and Entrepreneurial Talents; Research Start-up Funds of DGUT (GC300501-122)
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  • Author Bio:

    WENG Jia-ze, Master Student. E-mail: wengjz0754@163.com

  • Corresponding author: LI Chang-ping, Professor. E-mail: licpbit@hotmail.com; WANG Gang, Professor. E-mail: wghy1979@163.com
  • Received Date: 2020-07-21
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-09-09
  • Available Online: 2021-02-03
  • Publish Date: 2021-02-02
  • Capacitive deionization (CDI), in which electrode materials play an important role, is considered a novel desalination technology because of its advantages of low energy consumption, low cost and low pollution. Porous electrode materials with a high accessible surface area, hydrophilic surfaces and excellent electrochemical performance have proved to be ideal. Carbons derived from metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are most suitable for this purpose because of their controllable morphology and microstructure, suitable pore size distribution, and excellent electrical conductivity. The preparation and of MOF-derived carbon materials and their performance for the use as CDI electrode materials are reviewed. These include MOF-derived carbons, modified MOF-derived carbons, doped MOF-derived carbons and MOF-derived carbon composites with graphene, carbon nanofibers and carbon nanotubes. The advantages and challenges of these carbon electrode materials for CDI are summarized and future development is proposed.
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