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Gao Feng, Xie Ya-qiao, Zang Yun-hao, ZHOU Gang, QU Jiang-ying, WU Ming-bo. A sustainable strategy to prepare porous carbons with tailored pores from shrimp shell for use as the supercapacitor electrode materials[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60019-7
Citation: Gao Feng, Xie Ya-qiao, Zang Yun-hao, ZHOU Gang, QU Jiang-ying, WU Ming-bo. A sustainable strategy to prepare porous carbons with tailored pores from shrimp shell for use as the supercapacitor electrode materials[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60019-7

A sustainable strategy to prepare porous carbons with tailored pores from shrimp shell for use as the supercapacitor electrode materials

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60019-7
Funds:  This work is supported by the NSFC (No. 51972059, 51901043), Scientific Research Foundation for Leading Scholars in Dongguan University of Technology (DGUT) (GB200902-31), Research start-up funds of DGUT (GC300501-072)
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  • Highly efficient synthesis of nitrogen-doped carbons with different porous structures is reported using shrimp shell as the carbon and nitrogen source, and its CaCO3 component as the hard template and the activator. The content of CaCO3 in shrimp shell can be tuned easily in the range of 0-100% by leaching with an acetic acid solution for different times. CaO derived from decomposition of CaCO3 acts as the activator and template to tailor the pore sizes of the carbons. CO2 derived from decomposition of CaCO3 also plays an activating role. Their specific surface areas, pore volumes, ratios of micropore volumes to total pore volumes can be adjusted in the range of 117.6-1137 m2 g-1, 0.14-0.64 cm3 g-1, and 0-73.4%, respectively. When used as the electrodes of supercapacitor, the porous carbon obtained with a leaching time of 92 min exhibits the highest capacitances of 328 F g-1 at 0.05 A g-1 in a 6 M KOH electrolyte and 619.2 F g-1 at 0.05 A g-1 in a 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte. Its corresponding energy density at a power density of 1470.9 W kg-1 is 26.0 Wh kg-1. This work provides a low cost method for fabricating porous carbons to fulfill the high-value-added use of biomass.
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