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Research progress on graphene-based materials for high-performance lithium-metal batteries

WANG Xin HUANG Run-qing NIU Shu-zhang XU Lei ZHANG Qi-cheng Abbas Amini CHENG Chun

王信, 黄润青, 牛树章, 徐磊, 张启程, AbbasAmini, 程春. 石墨烯基材料在高性能锂金属电池中的研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(4): 711-728. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60081-1
引用本文: 王信, 黄润青, 牛树章, 徐磊, 张启程, AbbasAmini, 程春. 石墨烯基材料在高性能锂金属电池中的研究进展[J]. 新型炭材料, 2021, 36(4): 711-728. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60081-1
WANG Xin, HUANG Run-qing, NIU Shu-zhang, XU Lei, ZHANG Qi-cheng, Abbas Amini, CHENG Chun. Research progress on graphene-based materials for high-performance lithium-metal batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(4): 711-728. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60081-1
Citation: WANG Xin, HUANG Run-qing, NIU Shu-zhang, XU Lei, ZHANG Qi-cheng, Abbas Amini, CHENG Chun. Research progress on graphene-based materials for high-performance lithium-metal batteries[J]. NEW CARBON MATERIALS, 2021, 36(4): 711-728. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60081-1

石墨烯基材料在高性能锂金属电池中的研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60081-1
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(No.51972161,No. 91963129);广东省基础与应用基础研究基金资助项目(No. 2019A1515011805);深圳市基础与应用基础基金项目(JCYJ20190809115407617);广东省电驱动力能源材料重点实验室 (No. 2018B030322001)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    牛树章,副研究员. E-mail: niushuzhang@163.com

    程 春,副教授. E-mail: chengc@sustech.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

Research progress on graphene-based materials for high-performance lithium-metal batteries

More Information
    Author Bio:

    王信、黄润青为共同第一作者

    Corresponding author: NIU Shu-zhang, Assistant professor. E-mail: niusz@sustech.edu.cnCHENG Chun, Associate professor. E-mail: chengc@sustech.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 由于相对较低的能量密度,商用锂离子电池(LIB)难以满足便携式电子和电动汽车对储能设备能量密度日益增长的需求。锂(Li)金属具有高理论比容量(3860 mAh g−1)和低的密度(0.59 g cm−3),被认为是下一代高能密度锂电池最具前途的负极之一,如Li-S和Li-O2电池。 然而,由于固态电解质界面层的不稳定,导致锂枝晶生长不可控和库伦效率低等问题,限制了锂金属电池的实际应用。 石墨烯基材料(GBMs)具有高比表面积、可调节的孔结构和表面化学特性,已被证明可以显著解决上述问题。 本文综述了利用石墨烯基材料来保护锂金属负极的各种策略,并详细讨论了在锂金属保护中具有不同功能和作用的石墨烯基纳米材料的合理设计。文中还讨论了石墨烯基纳米材料用于锂金属负极中未来发展面临的挑战和可能的解决方案。
  • FIG. 780.  FIG. 780.

    FIG. 780.. 

    1.  Illustration of graphene-based materials (GBMs) used in Li metal anodes.

    Figure  1.  Illustration of graphene-based materials as Li hosts. (a) The preparation process of patterned reduced graphene oxide@Li composite (P-rGO@Li)[35]. (b) Schematic illustration of Li plating/stripping process on graphene flake 39. (c) Schematic illustration of the rGO and Li[24]. (d) Schematic illustration of the reduced accordion-like graphene oxide array (rAGA) as Li host with water-stable and good Li-ion transport channels along with their corresponding SEM images. Voltage-time profiles of symmetrical cells at 1 mA cm−2 with a capacity of 1mAh cm−2[25]. (e) Schematic illustration of the Li nucleation and plating process on Cu foil and nitrogen-doped graphene[26]. (f) The fabrication process of the N-doped porous graphene–Li anode and its rate performance in the plating-stripping processes[27].

    Figure  2.  Graphene and lithiophilic material composites as Li hosts. (a) Formation of porous G/ZnO@Li electrode and the corresponding SEM image[54]. (b) 3D MG@Li anode preparation process diagram. Photograph and top SEM images of Li deposition on MXene and rGO electrode[55]. (c) Illustration of Li deposition process on Li4.4Sn@graphene hollow sphere electrode[68]. (d) SEM image and schematic illustration of Au-rGO[57]. (e) Optical photos of two segments of onion stems and charge transfer schematics based on GBOMAs scaffolds in Li batteries[58].

    Figure  3.  Graphene-modified current collectors as Li hosts. (a) Digital images of LIGHS@Cu, PI@Cu, and Cu, and the illustration of LIGHS@Cu microstructure[88]. (b) Schematic illustrations of the preparation stages of 3D Cu@NG[89]. (c) Schematic of the fabrication process of the hierarchical 3D-AGBN host[90]. (d) Illustration of the Cu foil and the Au-GA modified Cu foil for Li plating/stripping behavior l[91]. (e) Li nucleation and deposition behaviors on the 3D g-C3N4/G/g-C3N4 electrode; CE of Li deposition on different substrates and cycle performance of Li-3D g-C3N4/G/g-C3N4||LiFePO4 (LFP) at 0.3 C[92]. (f) Schematic illustration of uniform Li deposition stages on the ERG-hybridized 3D carbon nanofiber (CNF) substrate, and the TEM image of SiO2@ERG-CNF[93].

    Figure  4.  Graphene-based materials as the Li metal protective layers. (a) Schematic illustration of mechanically exfoliated graphene-coated Li metal and the corresponding SEM images; Young’s modulus and typical force-indentation curve of the Graphene/Li anode surface after Li plating; Voltage-time profiles of symmetrical cells with Li and graphene-Li composite as anode under different current densities[105]. (b) Preparation process and characterizations of the 2D mPPyGO heterostructure; the electrochemical nucleation and deposition behaviors of electrodes with dual-functional Li-ion redistributors[106]. (c) Schematic process of the multifunctional protective (MAP) layer on Li metal[107].

    Figure  5.  Characterization of the graphene-modified separator. (a) Schematic illustration of the preparation process of a PDA/Gr-CMC separator along with the SEM images [113]. (b) Illustration of Li dendrite growth process with the NSG-PE separator and PE separator (left)[114]. (c) Preparation process of MQD@NG along with the digital photograph of the MQD@NG/PP; Voltage-time profiles of symmetrical cells for the Li|MQD@NG/PP|Li[115].

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-04
  • 修回日期:  2021-06-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-16
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-01

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