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聚阴离子化合物在固态电解质中的应用研究进展

张思雨 李跃然 邢涛 刘海燕 刘昭斌 李忠涛 吴明铂

张思雨, 李跃然, 邢涛, 刘海燕, 刘昭斌, 李忠涛, 吴明铂. 聚阴离子化合物在固态电解质中的应用研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2022, 37(2): 358-370. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60588-2
引用本文: 张思雨, 李跃然, 邢涛, 刘海燕, 刘昭斌, 李忠涛, 吴明铂. 聚阴离子化合物在固态电解质中的应用研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2022, 37(2): 358-370. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60588-2
ZHANG Si-yu, LI Yue-ran, XING Tao, LIU Hai-yan, LIU Zhao-bin, LI Zhong-tao, WU Ming-bo. Recent progress in the use of polyanions as solid electrolytes. New Carbon Mater., 2022, 37(2): 358-370. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60588-2
Citation: ZHANG Si-yu, LI Yue-ran, XING Tao, LIU Hai-yan, LIU Zhao-bin, LI Zhong-tao, WU Ming-bo. Recent progress in the use of polyanions as solid electrolytes. New Carbon Mater., 2022, 37(2): 358-370. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60588-2

聚阴离子化合物在固态电解质中的应用研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60588-2
基金项目: 山东省自然科学基金(ZR2020JQ21,ZR2021ZD24),国家自然科学基金(51873231,22138013),兖矿集团科技项目(YKZB2020-176,YKKJ2019AJ08JG-R63)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张思雨,硕士研究生. E-mail:zsyfelix@163.com

    通讯作者:

    李忠涛,博士,教授. E-mail:liztao@upc.edu.cn

    吴明铂,博士,教授. E-mail:wumb@upc.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM911

Recent progress in the use of polyanions as solid electrolytes

More Information
  • 摘要: 固态电解质是全固态锂电池的关键组分,其室温离子电导率和可加工性是影响电解质性能的关键指标。聚阴离子型固态电解质具有较高的锂离子迁移率,与其它类型陶瓷电解质相比,该电解质对水氧不敏感、成本低廉且原料无毒等特殊优点,明显降低了后期产业化的难度。本文首先总结了聚阴离子型固态电解质的分类和离子传输机制,然后介绍了提高材料本体锂离子传输性的原理和方法,最后介绍了通过表面修饰和复合改性提高电解质界面稳定性和可加工性方面的进展。结合全固态电池产业化对电解质膜片的需求,探索了目前聚阴离子型固态电池存在的问题和未来发展方向。作为一种具有优异的水氧稳定性和高离子电导率的电解质材料,聚阴离子电解质在下一代全固态电池中有着巨大的应用潜力。
  • FIG. 1400.  FIG. 1400.

    FIG. 1400..  FIG. 1400.

    图  1  液体、陶瓷、固体聚合物和复合电解质的物理和电化学特性

    Figure  1.  Physical and electrochemical characteristics of liquids, ceramics, solid polymers and composite electrolytes.

    图  2  LiM2(PO4)3的(a) 3D和(b) 2D的NASICON型结构示意图[11],(c) LiTi2(PO4)3中的M1环境[15]

    Figure  2.  (a, b) The three-dimensional and two-dimensional NASICON structure diagrams of LiM2(PO4)3[11]. (c) The M1 environment in LiTi2(PO4)3[15]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  3  LiTi2(PO4)3、Li1.3Ti1.7M0.33+(PO4)3、LiTi1.7M0.34+(PO4)3和Li0.7Ti1.7M0.35+(PO4)3在30 ℃下的(a)体电导、(b)离子迁移的活化能和(c)晶胞体积[40]

    Figure  3.  (a) The volume conductance at 30 ℃, (b) the activation energy of ion migration and (c) the unit cell volume of LiTi2(PO4)3, Li1.3Ti1.7M0.33+(PO4)3, LiTi1.7M0.34+(PO4)3 and Li0.7Ti1.7M0.35+(PO4)3[40]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  4  (a)场辅助烧结装置[51]与(b)火花等离子烧结[52]装置

    Figure  4.  Equipment of (a) field-assisted sintering[51] and (b) spark plasma sintering[52]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  5  (a)Al(C3H7O)3和(b)Al(NO3)3中提取烧结球团的Arrhenius图,(c)陶瓷中Li离子传导的示意图[59],(d, e)AlOOH样品的SEM照片[57],(f)LAGP试样和(g)LAGP 20%L试样晶界特性示意图[60]

    Figure  5.  Arrhenius diagram of sintered pellets extracted from (a) Al(C3H7O)3 and (b) Al(NO3)3. (c) Schematic diagram of Li ion conduction in ceramics[59]. (d, e) SEM image of AlOOH sample[57]. Grain boundary characteristics of (f) LAGP and (g) LAGP 20%L[60]. Reprinted with permission.

    图  6  (a)BN保护机理[64],(b)磁控溅射制备超薄ZnO层包覆的LATP[20],(c)LATP和DPCE的全固态电池结构[66],(d)陶瓷粒子随机分布在聚合物基体中和垂直排列的结构[67]

    Figure  6.  (a) Protection mechanism of BN coating[64]. (b) Ultra-thin ZnO layer coated LATP through magnetron sputtering[20]. (c) Structure of all-solid-state battery with LATP and DPCE[66]. (d) The ceramic particles are randomly distributed in the polymer matrix and the structure of the vertical arrangement[67]. Reprinted with permission.

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-18
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-17
  • 刊出日期:  2022-03-30

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