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A review of the coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of graphite

ZHAO Lu TANG Jiang ZHOU Min SHEN Ke

赵露, 唐江, 周敏, 申克. 石墨晶体的热膨胀系数和热导率. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2022, 37(3): 544-555. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60603-6
引用本文: 赵露, 唐江, 周敏, 申克. 石墨晶体的热膨胀系数和热导率. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2022, 37(3): 544-555. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60603-6
ZHAO Lu, TANG Jiang, ZHOU Min, SHEN Ke. A review of the coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of graphite. New Carbon Mater., 2022, 37(3): 544-555. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60603-6
Citation: ZHAO Lu, TANG Jiang, ZHOU Min, SHEN Ke. A review of the coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of graphite. New Carbon Mater., 2022, 37(3): 544-555. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60603-6

石墨晶体的热膨胀系数和热导率

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60603-6
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51872083)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    申 克,教授. E-mail:shenk@hnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

A review of the coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of graphite

Funds: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51872083)
More Information
  • 摘要: 石墨平面内和平面间的原子间作用力具有显著差异,形成了各向异性的物理性质。其独特的热学性质使石墨材料在电子器件散热、核能等领域具有重要的应用。石墨热膨胀和导热性质一直以来是炭材料领域中的前沿科学问题,其理论和实验研究受到广泛关注。本文综述了石墨晶体热膨胀系数和热导率的研究进展及应用现状,首先介绍了石墨热膨胀系数的理论分析和实验结果,并探讨了热膨胀系数的影响因素;然后总结了石墨热导率的测量和理论计算结果,讨论了石墨中特殊的声子散射机制;最后总结了石墨在热管理领域的应用,并对该领域发展前景进行了展望。
  • FIG. 1537.  FIG. 1537.

    FIG. 1537.. 

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of graphite structure[4]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  2.  (a) In-plane thermal expansion coefficients of graphite at different temperatures[10] and (b) Out-of-plane thermal expansion coefficient of graphite at different temperatures[10]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  3.  (a) Plots of αa against temperature compared with experiment results from Steward[15], (b) Plots of αc against temperature compared with experiment results from Steward, Nelson and Riley, Yates and Harrison[15]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  4.  (a) In-plane thermal expansion coefficient of graphite as a function of temperature for graphite (solid line) and graphene from ab initio study. The experiment data for graphite are marked by filled circles and open diamonds[16]. (b) Out-of-plane thermal expansion coefficient of graphite as a function of temperature for graphite (solid line) from ab initio study. The experiment data for graphite are marked by filled circles and open diamonds[16]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  5.  Comparison of the observed αa values with the best linear fitting with temperature[10]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  6.  Specimen and holder for low-temperature attachment for in situ XRD measurement[18]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  7.  (a) Plot of the variation of the a-dimension with temperature[18], (b) Plot of the variation of the coefficient of thermal of expansion perpendicular to the hexagonal axis with temperature: comparison with previous measurement[18]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  10.  Temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of graphite: Thermal conductivity in TPRC handbook data[23] (orange open squares) and previous reports by Taylor[24] (olive open triangle) and Nihira et al.[25] (blue open circles). Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  8.  Temperature dependences of the CTEs in the (a) a- and (b) c-directions of CNW1, CNW2 and HOPG[19]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  9.  (a) Typical topography of the graphite surface during heating, and (b) successive out-of-plane height profiles of a graphite crystal heated from 25 °C to 225 °C, scanned along the line indicated in (a). (c) Comparison of measured and theoretical CTEs for single-crystal graphite[20]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  11.  Thickness-dependent in-plane thermal conductivity of graphite at room temperature: (a) Thickness of several layers[3033] and (b) thickness within the range of several micrometers to bulk graphite[35, 36]. Reprinted with permission.

    Figure  12.  Room-temperature cross-plane phonon MFPs of graphite measured by Fu et al.[49] and Zhang et al.[50]. Reprinted with permission.

    Table  1.   Various results for coefficients in αa and αc.

    A (J mol−1)B (J mol−1)C (deg−2)L (J mol−1)M (J mol−1)N (deg−2)
    1945Riley1.620 × 10−7−1.013 × 10−70−7.70 × 10−71.38 × 10−61.08 × 10−8
    1972Morgan1.677 × 10−7−1.036 × 10−7−8.3 × 10−11−7.93 × 10−71.56 × 10−67.19 × 10−9
    1964Kellett and Richards1.777 × 10−7−1.065 × 10−70
    2005Tsang−5.05 × 10−71.40 × 10−65.15 × 10−9
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-11
  • 修回日期:  2022-01-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-04
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-01

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