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Recent advances in carbon materials for flexible zinc ion batteries

WU Li-sha ZHANG Ming-hui XU Wen DONG Yan-feng

武丽莎, 张明慧, 徐文, 董琰峰. 炭材料在柔性锌离子电池中的研究进展. 新型炭材料. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60628-0
引用本文: 武丽莎, 张明慧, 徐文, 董琰峰. 炭材料在柔性锌离子电池中的研究进展. 新型炭材料. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60628-0
WU Li-sha, ZHANG Ming-hui, XU Wen, DONG Yan-feng. Recent advances in carbon materials for flexible zinc ion batteries. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60628-0
Citation: WU Li-sha, ZHANG Ming-hui, XU Wen, DONG Yan-feng. Recent advances in carbon materials for flexible zinc ion batteries. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60628-0

炭材料在柔性锌离子电池中的研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60628-0
基金项目: 辽宁省“兴辽英才计划”青年拔尖人才(XLYC2007129);辽宁省自然科学基金(2020-MS-095);中央高校基本科研业务费(N2105008);催化基础国家重点实验室基金(N-21-03)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    董琰峰,副教授. E-mail:dongyanfeng@mail.neu.edu.cn

Recent advances in carbon materials for flexible zinc ion batteries

Funds: This work was financially supported by LiaoNing Revitalization Talents Program (XLYC2007129), the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (2020-MS-095), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (N2105008), and the fund of the State Key Laboratory of Catalysis in DICP (N-21-03)
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  • 摘要: 近年来,随着智能可穿戴设备市场的不断增长,柔性储能器件的设计和开发得到了快速发展。水系锌离子电池(ZIBs)具有成本低、高安全等优势,得到了广泛研究。炭材料具有质轻、高导电与机械柔性的特点,在构筑高性能柔性锌离子电池(FZIBs)方面具有诸多优势。本文详细总结了炭材料(碳纳米管、碳纤维、石墨烯)在一维线状、二维平面、三维三明治构型FZIBs中的研究进展,着重强调了炭材料构筑FZIBs的策略,系统归纳了炭材料在正极、负极和隔膜中的角色,重点强调了炭材料对FZIBs的性能增强作用。最后,简要讨论了先进炭材料在下一代柔性锌离子电池中的挑战和前景。
  • Figure  1.  Schematic illustration of various carbon materials for FZIBs.

    Figure  2.  Configuration and integration of FZIBs. (a) 1D coaxial battery. (b) 1D twisted battery. (c) 1D stretchable battery. (d) 1D cable-shaped batteries could be woven into fabrics. (e) 2D planar battery. (f) Three planar batteries could be connected in parallel for practical applications. (g) 3D sandwiched battery. (h) Three sandwiched batteries could be connected in series for practical applications.

    Figure  3.  (a) Cross-sectional scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of VO2 (B)-MWCNTs cathode. (b) Specific capacity and Coulombic efficiency of FZIBs under various bending angles. (c) Galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) curves of FZIBs at different temperatures[25]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2019, Wiley. (d, e) SEM images of the MnO2/CNFs-CNTs fiber cathode. (f) Ragone plot of the 1D FZIBs based on MnO2/CNFs-CNTs cathode in comparison with previously reported fiber-shaped energy storage devices. (g) Flexible fiber electrodes under various deformations. (h) Digital photograph showing FZIBs could be woven into textile for potential practical applications[40]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2022, Elsevier.

    Figure  4.  (a) SEM image of MnO2/rGO composite. (b) Digital photograph exhibiting flexible MnO2/rGO membrane to bear various deformations such as bending, rolling, and folding. (c) Cycling performance of FZIBs under different deformations[49]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2020, Wiley. (d) A schematic of the preparation of 2D A-V2O5/G heterostructures. (e) SEM image of A-V2O5/G heterostructures. (f) Digital photograph of 2D planar FZIBs. (g) Schematic illustration of three FZIBs connected in series or parallel. (h, i) GCD curves of FZIBs connected (h) in series or (i) in parallel from 1 to 3 batteries[42]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2020, Wiley.

    Figure  5.  (a) Schematic illustrating MnO2/CNT foam with reversible chemical conversion and hierarchical structure favoring mass/electron transport. (b) Pore size distribution of MnO2/CNT foam. (c) The capacity and average voltage of ZIBs assembled with MnO2/CNT foam cathode in comparison with previously reported works on ZIBs. (d) Cycling stability of the constructed 3D sandwiched FZIBs[58]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2021, Wiley. (e) SEM image of 1D fiber-shaped FZIBs. (f) Digital photographs of fiber-shaped FZIBs woven into a glove at different bending states, and (g) corresponding GCD curves of FZIBs at 5.0 A cm−3[53]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2020, ACS.

    Figure  6.  (a) Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image of Al2O3@VSe2 NSs@N-CNF. (b) Cycling stability of FZIBs at 5.0 A g−1. (c) The FZIBs could power an integrated soft robot[59]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2022, Elsevier. (d) Schematic showing the fabrication of flexible N-CNSs@MnO2 cathode. (e) SEM and (f) TEM images of N-CNSs@MnO2. (g) Ragone plot of N-CNSs@MnO2 based FZIBs in comparison with previously reported flexible energy storage devices. (h) Digital images showing that N-CNSs@MnO2 based ZIBs could power a table lamp and a light signboard[64]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2020, Elsevier.

    Figure  7.  (a) Schematic illustration of Zn deposition on CC and CNT substrates. (b) Cycling performance of Zn/CC and Zn/CNT anode based symmetrical batteries at 2 mA cm−2 and 2 mAh cm−2. (c) Long-term cycling stability of Zn/CNT//MnO2 batteries at 20 mA cm−2. (d) Capacity retention of the flexible Zn/CNT//MnO2 battery under different deformation states[86]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2019, Wiley.

    Figure  8.  (a) Schematic illustration showing the preparation of MGA. (b) Optical image of lightweight MGA. (c) SEM image of MGA. (d) SEM image of MGA after plating for 5 mAh cm−2. (e) Cycling stability of 3D LiMn2O4//MGA@Zn batteries under different folded conditions. (f) SEM images of MGA after folding once and releasing. (g) SEM images of MGA after folding twice and releasing[21]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2021, Wiley.

    Figure  9.  (a) A Schematic showing the synthesis of Janus separator. (b) SEM image of vertical graphene carpets on Janus separator. (c) Cycling stability of Zn//Zn symmetrical batteries assembled with Janus separators at 0.5 mA cm−2 for 0.5 mAh cm−2. (d) Galvanostatic charge/discharge profiles of Zn//V2O5 cells at 1 mA cm−2 at various bending angles[96]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2020, Wiley. (e) SEM image of Zn anode in CG separators based Zn//Zn battery after cycling at 2 mA cm–2. (f) Cycling performance of Zn//Zn symmetrical batteries with CG separators at 2 mA cm−2 and 1 mAh cm−2[97]. Reprinted with permission by copyright 2021, Wiley.

    Table  1.   A summary of carbon based cathodes for FZIBs.

    Role of carbonsBattery
    configu
    rationsns
    CathodeAnodeElectrolyteVoltage
    window
    CapacityCapacity
    retention
    Energy/
    power
    density
    FlexibilityRef.
    Conductive materials 1D cable-shaped MnO2/CNFs-CNTs Zn/CNFs-CNTs 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    0.8–1.9 V 281.5 mAh g–1 at
    0.25 A g–1
    65.7% (400 cycles) 47.3 Wh kg–1 at
    42.2 W kg–1 (Eelectrode)
    bent, looped, twisted, typed [40]
    2D planar CNT@MnO2 zinc powder 1M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    0.8–1.8 V 63 μAh cm−2 at
    0.4 mA cm−2
    94.6% (87 cycles) 404.3 Wh kg−1at
    135.2 Wkg−1
    bent [41]
    2D planar A-V2O5/G Zn powder 3 M ZnSO4 0.2–1.8 V 20 mAh cm−3 at
    1 mA cm−2
    80% (3500 cycles) 21 mWh cm−3 at
    526 mW cm−3
    bent, twisted [42]
    2D planar VO2 (B)-MWCNTs zinc nanoflakes 2 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 0–2 V 314.7 µAh cm−2 at
    0.14 mA cm−2
    71.8% (200 cycles) 188.8 µWh cm−2
    at 0.09 mW cm−2
    bent [25]
    3D sandwiched CuV2O6/RCNTs Zn foil 2/3 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 0.3–1.5 V 353 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    61.5% (1400 cycles) 353 Wh kg−1
    at 90 W kg−1
    bent [43]
    3D sandwiched H0.08MnO2·0.7H2O/ MWCNT membrane Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    1.0–1.9 V 276.3 mAh g−1 at
    0.2 A g−1
    80.8% (1000 cycles) 368.3 Wh kg−1 at
    300 W kg−1 (Ematerial)
    bent [44]
    3D sandwiched KVO/SWCNT Zn foils 4 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 0.3–1.3 V 379 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    91% (10000 cycles) bent [45]
    3D sandwiched PANI/SWCNTs Zn/SWCNTs-rGO PVA-Zn(CF3SO3)2 0.5–1.5 V 167.6 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    97.3% (1000 cycles) bent, stretchable [46]
    3D sandwiched a-MnO2@CNT foams Zn@CNT 2 M ZnSO4/
    0.2 M MnSO4
    1.0–1.8 V 308.5 mAh g−1 at
    0.97 C
    100% (1000 cycles) bent [47]
    3D sandwiched h-CNT/PANI Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 0.5–1.5 V 97 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    105.8% (1000 cycles) 104 Wh kg−1/
    8.3 kW kg−1
    bent [48]
    3D sandwiched MnO2/rGO Zn foil 2.0 M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    1.0–1.9 V 317 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    78% (2000 cycles) 436 Wh kg−1
    (Ecathode)
    bent, folded [49]
    3D sandwiched VO2/rGO Zn foil 3M Zn(CF3SO3)2 0.3–1.3 V 276 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    99% (1000 cycles) 65 Wh kg−1 at
    7.8 kW kg−1
    bent [50]
    3D sandwiched MnO/G Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    1–1.85 V 398.5 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    70% (2000 cycles) bent [51]
    Current collectors 1D cable-shaped MnO2@CNT Zn wire 1.5 M LiCl-2M
    ZnCl2-PVA
    1.0–1.8 V 290 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    75% (300 cycles) 360 Wh Kg−1 at
    100 W Kg−1 (Ematerial)
    folded [52]
    1D cable- shaped CNT-stitched ZVO NSs@OCNT Zn NSs@CNTs
    fiber
    CMC/ZnSO4 polymer
    gel electrolyte
    0.2–1.8 V 114 mAh cm−3 at
    0.1 A cm−3
    88.6% (2000 cycles) 71.6 mWh cm−3 at
    0.071 W cm−3 (Edevice)
    bent [53]
    1D cable- shaped Co3O4 NSs@CNTF Zn NSs@CNTF 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.0005 M CoSO4
    0.8–2.1 V 158.70 mAh g−1 at
    1 A g−1
    97.27% (10000 cycles) bent [54]
    1D cable- shaped ZnHCF@CNTs Zn nanosheet
    arrays on CNTFs
    ZnSO4-CMC gel 1.0–2.1 V 100.2 mAh cm−3 at
    0.1 A cm−3
    91.8% (200 cycles) 195.4 mWh cm−3
    at 0.2 W cm−3
    bent [55]
    3D sandwiched CNT@MnO2 Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    1–1.85 V 292.7 mAh g−1 at
    0.2 mA cm−2
    100% (1000 cycles) 16.5 mWh cm−3
    at 10.3 mW cm−3
    bent [56]
    3D sandwiched MnO2/CNT zinc nanosheet
    based textile
    ZnSO4+MnSO4 1.0–1.8 V 138.8 mAh g–1 at
    1 C
    91% (1000 cycles) 12 mWh cm−3 at
    13 mW cm−3 (Edevice)
    bent [57]
    3D sandwiched MnO2/CNT foam Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.005 M MnSO4
    1.0–2.4 V 0.332 mAh cm−2 at
    2 mA cm−2
    100% (16000 cycles) 602 Wh kg−1
    (Ematerial)
    [58]
    3D sandwiched Al2O3@VSe2 NSs@N-CNFs Zn NSs@CNT ZnSO4 0.3–1.5 V 495.4 mAh g–1 at
    0.05 A g−1
    86.2% (2500 cycles) 362.5 Wh kg−1
    at 44 W kg−1
    bent [59]
    3D sandwiched VO2 (B)@CFS Zn foil 1 M ZnSO4 0.2–1.2 V 386.2 mAh g−1 at
    0.2 A g−1
    65.5% (1000 cycles) bent [60]
    3D sandwiched VS2/CC Zn/CC PVA-Zn/Mn hydrogel 0.4–1.0 V 175 mAh g−1 at
    0.2 A g−1
    70.3% (40 cycles) bent [61]
    3D sandwiched ZnVOH/CC Zn/CC 3 M Zn(CF3SO3)2 0.2–1.4 V 337 mAh g−1 at
    1.0 A g−1
    94.6% (5000 cycles) rolled, folded, punched [62]
    3D sandwiched Od-Mn3O4@C NA/CC Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    0.2–1.8 V 396.2 mAh g−1 at
    0.2 A g−1
    95.7% (12000 cycles) 537.5 Wh kg−1
    at 268.75 W kg−1
    [63]
    3D sandwiched N-CNSs@MnO2 N-CNSs@Zn 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    1.0–1.8 V 271.2 mAh g−1 at
    0.5 A g−1
    76.5% (500 cycles) 352.5 Wh kg−1 at
    542.4 W kg−1
    bent, twisted [64]
    3D sandwiched MnO2/CC Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    0.8–1.8 V 212.8 mAh g−1 at
    1 A g−1
    124% (300 cycles) bent [65]
    3D sandwiched C-MnO2@CC Zn/CC 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    0.8–1.9 V 1.3 mAh cm−2 at
    1.0 A cm−2
    86.5% (10000 cycles) 1.34 mWh cm−2
    at 2.95 mW cm−2
    bent, twisted [66]
    3D sandwiched MnO2/CF Zn/CF PVA/ZnCl2-MnSO4 0.8–2.0 V 145.9 mAh g−1
    at 0.1 A g−1
    88.3% (100 cycles) 181.5 Wh kg−1 at
    0.31 kW kg−1 (Ematerial)
    Tensile, bent, compressed [67]
    3D sandwiched CuMO Zn foil 2 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    0.8–1.9 V 398.2 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    90.1% (700 cycles) 156 Wh kg−1 at
    6250 W kg−1
    bent [27]
    3D sandwiched FSM@FGF Zn metal 1/2 M ZnSO4 1.0–1.9 V 440.1 mAh g−1 at
    0.1 A g−1
    82.7% (300 cycles) 396 Wh kg−1
    at 90 W kg−1
    folded in water [68]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   A summary of carbon based anodes for FZIBs.

    Role of carbonsDevice configurationsAnodeCathodeElectrolyteVoltage
    range
    CapacityCapacity retentionEnergy/power densityFlexibilityRef.
    Current collectors for Zn2D planarZn microparticlesγ-MnO22 M ZnSO4 +
    0.5 M MnSO4
    0.9–1.8 V19.3 mAh cm−3
    at 7.5 mA cm−3
    83.9%
    (1300 cycles)
    17.3 mWh cm−3
    at 150 mW cm−3
    (Eelectrode)
    bent[85]
    3D sandwichedZn/CNTCNT-MnOx@ poly
    (3,4-ethylenedio-
    xythiophene)
    (PEDOT)
    PVA/LiCl-ZnCl2-
    MnSO4 gel
    1.0–1.8 V289 mAh g−1
    at 2 mA cm−2
    88.7%
    (1000 cycles)
    126 Wh kg−1
    (Ematerial)
    bent, twisted[86]
    3D sandwichedZn@Cu@ACCMnO2@ACC1 M ZnSO40.5–1.9 V291.79 mAh g−1
    at 0.5 A g−1
    94.8%
    (1000 cycles)
    bent[87]
    3D sandwichedZn/CCPANI3 M ZnCl20.7–1.7 V1.24 mAh cm−2
    at 0.2 mA cm−2
    94.83%
    (1500 cycles)
    1.31 mWh cm−2
    at 0.29 mW cm−2
    bent[88]
    3D sandwichedZn@N-VG@CCMnO2@N-VG@CCPVA/Zn(CF3SO3)20.8–1.8 V283.3 mAh g−1
    at 1.0 A g−1
    80%
    (300 cycles)
    371.24 Wh kg−1
    at 0.474 kW kg−1
    (Ematerial)
    bent, twisted[89]
    Host materials for Zn3D sandwichedZCNCNT/MnO22 M ZnSO4 +
    0.2 M MnSO4
    1–1.85 V198.8 mAh g−1
    at 0.2 A g−1
    107.0%
    (1000 cycles)
    bent[90]
    3D sandwichedZn particles/CNTs/ PVDF-HFPMnO22 M ZnSO4 +
    0.1 M MnSO4
    1.0–1.9 V318.5 mAh g−1
    at 0.3 A g−1
    65%
    (1000 cycles)
    430.1 Wh kg−1/
    4.02 kW kg−1
    bent[91]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-01
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