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Preparation and performance of a graphene-(Ni-NiO)-C hybrid as the anode of a lithium-ion battery

JIANG Shang MAO Miao-miao PANG Ming-jun YANG Hui WANG Run-wei LI Ning PAN Qi-liang PANG Min ZHAO Jian-guo

蒋尚, 毛苗苗, 庞明俊, 杨辉, 王润伟, 李宁, 潘启亮, 庞敏, 赵建国. 三维Ni/NiO@C/GN复合材料的制备及其锂离子电池性能. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 356-368. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60647-4
引用本文: 蒋尚, 毛苗苗, 庞明俊, 杨辉, 王润伟, 李宁, 潘启亮, 庞敏, 赵建国. 三维Ni/NiO@C/GN复合材料的制备及其锂离子电池性能. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 356-368. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60647-4
JIANG Shang, MAO Miao-miao, PANG Ming-jun, YANG Hui, WANG Run-wei, LI Ning, PAN Qi-liang, PANG Min, ZHAO Jian-guo. Preparation and performance of a graphene-(Ni-NiO)-C hybrid as the anode of a lithium-ion battery. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 356-368. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60647-4
Citation: JIANG Shang, MAO Miao-miao, PANG Ming-jun, YANG Hui, WANG Run-wei, LI Ning, PAN Qi-liang, PANG Min, ZHAO Jian-guo. Preparation and performance of a graphene-(Ni-NiO)-C hybrid as the anode of a lithium-ion battery. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 356-368. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60647-4

三维Ni/NiO@C/GN复合材料的制备及其锂离子电池性能

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(22)60647-4
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52071192);山西省基础研究计划(自由探索类)(20210302124491,20210302123341);山西大同大学基础科研基金项目(2022K10,2022K11);山西大同大学研究生教育改革项目(21JG25);山西省高等学校科技创新计划项目(2021L370);山西大同大学研究生教育创新项目(22CX11,22CX20);山西大同大学博士科研启动基金(2016-B-14,2016-B-20,2019-B-11);吉林大学无机合成与制备化学国家重点实验室开放课题(2020-15,2021-16)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    庞明俊,副教授. E-mail:pangmingjun3714@163.com

    赵建国,教授. E-mail:pangmj0861@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

Preparation and performance of a graphene-(Ni-NiO)-C hybrid as the anode of a lithium-ion battery

Funds: This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (52071192); Basic Research Project Fund of Shanxi Province (20210302124491 and 20210302123341); Basic Research Project Fund of Shanxi Datong University (2022K10 and 2022K11); Graduate Education Reform project of Shanxi Datong University (21JG25); the Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (2021L370); the Graduate Student Education Innovation Project of Shanxi Datong University (22CX11 and 22CX20); Doctoral Research Fund of Shanxi Datong University (2016-B-14, 2016-B-20, 2019-B-11); State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparation Chemistry, Jilin University (2020-15, 2021-16)
More Information
  • 摘要: 将醋酸镍和葡萄糖溶于水中,与氧化石墨烯(GO)水悬浮液均匀混合,在180 °C下水热处理24 h,再在Ar中700 °C下炭化3 h,然后在空气中300 °C下煅烧3 h得到三维Ni/NiO@C/GN。结果表明,水热处理过程中葡萄糖衍生的炭层将Ni(OH)2完全包裹,并在炭化过程中转化为金属Ni,部分金属Ni在空气中煅烧中被氧化为NiO。当作为锂离子电池的负极材料时,其初始容量为711.6 mA h g−1,300次循环后增加到772.1 mA h g−1。作为对比,没有添加GO的材料的初始容量较低,仅为584.7 mA h g−1,300次循环后下降到148.8 mA h g−1。这些结果表明炭层可以抑制Ni/NiO纳米颗粒的团聚,有效缓解锂化过程中的体积膨胀,抑制循环过程中的电极开裂。GO的加入可形成丰富的导电网络,提高导电性。较大的比表面积可增加活性位点,有利于电解液快速浸润电极材料。这些因素显著改善了Ni/NiO@C/GN负极的电化学性能。
  • FIG. 2239.  FIG. 2239.

    FIG. 2239..  FIG. 2239.

    Figure  1.  (a) X-ray diffraction patterns of Ni(OH)2/polysaccharide/GN, Ni@C/GN and Ni/NiO@C/GN. (b)Wide-angle XRD patterns of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C composites

    Figure  2.  SEM images of (a, b) Ni/NiO@C/GN and (c, d) Ni/NiO/C (inset in (d) is the TEM image of Ni/NiO@C/GN). (e1-e4) EDS mapping images of Ni/NiO@C/GN

    Figure  3.  (a-b) TEM images, (c) High-resolution TEM image and (d) the corresponding SAED pattern of Ni/NiO@C/GN

    Figure  4.  (a) N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and (b) BJH pore size distributions of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C

    Figure  5.  (a) XPS spectrum of Ni/NiO@C/GN composites. The high resolution spectra of (b) Ni 2p, (c) O 1s and (d) C 1s. (e) Raman spectra of the of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C composites

    Figure  6.  CV curves of (a) Ni/NiO@C/GN and (b) Ni/NiO/C at a scan rate of 0.2 mV s−1 within a window of 0.01-3.0 V. Charge/discharge capacity profiles of (c) Ni/NiO@C/GN and (d) Ni/NiO/C at 50 mA g−1

    Figure  7.  (a) Rate capability in the current density range from 50 to 2000 mA g−1. (b) Nyquist plots of AC impedance spectra of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C, and the corresponding equivalent circuits (inset). (c) Cyclic performance and Coulombic efficiencies of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C electrodes at 300 mA g−1

    Figure  8.  SEM images of (a, b) Ni/NiO@C/GN and (c, d) Ni/NiO/C after 300 cycles

    Figure  9.  (a) CV profiles of Ni/NiO@C/GN at various scan rates from 0.2 to 1.0 mV s−1. (b) Fitted linear relation of log (i) vs log (v), where slope of slash line is the value b. (c) The separation of capacity contribution at a scan rate of 0.2 mV s−1. (d) The contribution of capacitance and diffusion controlled at different scan rates

    Table  1.   Surface area and pore parameters of Ni/NiO@C/GN and Ni/NiO/C

    BET (m2 g−1)t-method external
    superficial area
    (m2 g−1)
    t-method micropore
    superficial area
    (m2 g−1)
    BJH method
    desorption pore
    diameter (nm)
    BJH method
    adsorption pore
    diameter (nm)
    DFT pore
    diameter (nm)
    Ni/NiO@C/GN193.9186.47.4663.9342.5172.897
    Ni/NiO/C57.9857.98/3.9381.9371.688
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Fitting results of Ni/NiO@C/GN before and after cycling test

    SampleCyclesRsRSEIRct
    Ni/NiO/C17.123.78130
    Ni/NiO@C/GN14.313245
    Ni/NiO@C/GN3004.14.823
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-07-09
  • 修回日期:  2022-08-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-29
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-07

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