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A review of wearable supercapacitors fabricated from highly flexible conductive fiber materials

Nujud Badawi M Namrata Agrawal Syed Farooq Adil S Ramesh K Ramesh Shahid Bashir

Nujud Badawi M, Namrata Agrawal, Syed Farooq Adil, S Ramesh, K Ramesh, Shahid Bashir. 导电纤维材料在高柔性可穿戴超级电容器中的研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 211-229. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60721-8
引用本文: Nujud Badawi M, Namrata Agrawal, Syed Farooq Adil, S Ramesh, K Ramesh, Shahid Bashir. 导电纤维材料在高柔性可穿戴超级电容器中的研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 211-229. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60721-8
Nujud Badawi M, Namrata Agrawal, Syed Farooq Adil, S Ramesh, K Ramesh, Shahid Bashir. A review of wearable supercapacitors fabricated from highly flexible conductive fiber materials. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 211-229. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60721-8
Citation: Nujud Badawi M, Namrata Agrawal, Syed Farooq Adil, S Ramesh, K Ramesh, Shahid Bashir. A review of wearable supercapacitors fabricated from highly flexible conductive fiber materials. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 211-229. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60721-8

导电纤维材料在高柔性可穿戴超级电容器中的研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60721-8
基金项目: Royal Society of Chemistry for through Universiti Malaya (IF062-2021)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    K Ramesh. E-mail: rameshkasi@um.edu.my

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

A review of wearable supercapacitors fabricated from highly flexible conductive fiber materials

  • 摘要:

    采用纤维材料制备的超级电容器因柔韧性好、质量轻、能量密度高等优点,成为人们关注的电化学储能器件。目前,他们已广泛应用在信息传感、数据计算和通信等电子系统中。这些基于纤维材料的超级电容器(SCs)拥有比标准的平行平板电容器和电池具有更高的功率密度,因而再电子纺织品中大量使用。本文详细阐述了碳纳米管(CNTs)、石墨烯和聚(3,4-乙烯二氧噻吩):聚(苯乙烯磺酸)(PEDOT:PSS)的组成、纺丝和制备条件对可穿戴储能装置电化学性能的影响。

  • FIG. 2230.  FIG. 2230.

    FIG. 2230..  FIG. 2230.

    Figure  1.  Overall summary of the materials and their application

    Figure  2.  Stability tests for straight and bent positions of the solid-state device. Reproduced with permission[25]

    Figure  3.  (a) Schematic representation of the wet-spinning process, (b) Image of a PEDOT:PSS fiber around a Teflon rod, (c, d, e) SEM images of PEDOT: PSS fiber, wetspun fibers in a knot, and cross-section of PEDOT: PSS fiber respectively, (f, g) Images of a knot on the surface of a glove fabric. Reproduced with permission[27]

    Figure  4.  Diagrammatic representation of the (a) arc-discharge method of CNT formation, (b) a laser ablation technique, and (c) CVD technique[32]

    Figure  5.  A schematic representation of the electrode geometry and magnetic field configuration using typical images of the arc without/with an applied magnetic field. A distribution of the magnetic field that was numerically simulated is also visible (2-dimensional large-scale distribution of the magnetic field was simulated by David Meeker using FEMM4.0 software) Reproduced with permission[40]

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic diagram of the graphene synthesis process from the bottom up and top down[60]. (b) AFM image of graphene, a graphene sheet suspended freely on a metallic scaffold of a micrometer’s size, and a SEM image of a sizable crystal of graphene[64]. (c) Graphite, GO and graphene sheets’ Raman spectra[65]

    Figure  7.  (a) A PEDOT/PSS polymer and PEDOT/CL-PSS particle. SEM images of the films: (b1) PEDOT/PSS, (b2) PEDOT/CL-PSS (1% DVB), (b3) PEDOT/CL-PSS (3% DVB), and (b4) PEDOT/CL-PSS (10% DVB). Reproduced with permissionn[70]

    Figure  8.  (a) Coagulation-based and LC-based wet spinning processes experimental setup. Reproduced with permission from[74]. (b) Schematic diagram of dry spun CNT fibre and a CNT forest created using the plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) technique[75]

    Figure  9.  (a) Schematic structure of a flexible Sn || AC PIHC device[86]. (b) NFE was used as the electrolyte, anode, and cathode in a schematic illustration for NFPICs and GNFM, along with porous carbon, HRTEM images, and SAED patterns for the GNFM[87]

    Figure  10.  (a) Symmetric potassium-ion hybrid capacitors with flexible electrodes. Reproduced with permission[88], (b) Multidimensional host composite anode for flexible potassium-ion-based microcapacitors. Reproduced with permission[89]

    Figure  11.  Using self-assembled block copolymers to carbonize in a morphology-persistent way, an illustration of the synthesis of MS/SiOx@PCNs. Reproduced with permission from[90]

    Table  1.   Comparison of fabrication techniques and properties of fibers for use in wearable technology

    Fabrication techniqueFiber fabrication techniqueTensile strengthYoung’s modulusElectrical conductivityRefs.
    Arc dischargeWet spinning0.2323450 S cm−1[9]
    CVDWet spinning1.80 (SWCNT),1.40 (MWCNT)45 (SWCNT),35 (MWCNT)[10]
    CVDWet spinning1.00 ± 0.20120 ± 500.0290 ± 0.0003 S cm−1[11]
    CVDWet spinning0.21-0.250.0041-0.0050 S cm−1[12]
    CVDSolid-state0.308.3[13]
    CVDSolid-state0.85 untwisted,1.91 twisted275 untwisted,330 twisted170 S cm−1 untwisted,
    410 S cm−1 twisted
    [14]
    CVDSolid-state0.50 ± 0.108 ± 1500 S cm−1[15]
    CVDSolid-state~0.19[12]
    CVDSolid-state0.55-0.809-15[16]
    CVDSolid-state0.11800 S cm−1[17]
    Note: SWCNT-single walled carbon nanotube, MWCNT-multiwalled carbon nanotube
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-01
  • 录用日期:  2022-12-31
  • 修回日期:  2022-12-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-03-03
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-07

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