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Research progress on freestanding carbon-based anodes for sodium energy storage

HOU Zhi-dong GAO Yu-yang ZHANG Yu WANG Jian-gan

侯志栋, 高语阳, 张玉, 王建淦. 自支撑碳基负极材料的储钠研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 230-246. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60725-5
引用本文: 侯志栋, 高语阳, 张玉, 王建淦. 自支撑碳基负极材料的储钠研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(2): 230-246. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60725-5
HOU Zhi-dong, GAO Yu-yang, ZHANG Yu, WANG Jian-gan. Research progress on freestanding carbon-based anodes for sodium energy storage. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 230-246. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60725-5
Citation: HOU Zhi-dong, GAO Yu-yang, ZHANG Yu, WANG Jian-gan. Research progress on freestanding carbon-based anodes for sodium energy storage. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(2): 230-246. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60725-5

自支撑碳基负极材料的储钠研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60725-5
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(52272239,22109044,51821091);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(3102019JC005,D5000210894)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    张 玉,研究员. E-mail:yzhang071@ecust.edu.cn

    王建淦,教授. E-mail:wangjiangan@nwpu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

Research progress on freestanding carbon-based anodes for sodium energy storage

Funds: The work is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (52272239, 22109044 and 51821091), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (3102019JC005 and D5000210894)
More Information
  • 摘要: 凭借着钠资源储量丰富和成本优势,钠离子电池在电化学储能领域有望成为锂离子电池的重要补充。作为钠离子电池负极材料,炭及其复合材料可以通过合理的结构设计和组分调控获得优异的储钠性能。随着可穿戴电子器件日益普及,人们对电极提出了更高的性能要求。自支撑电极无需使用电化学惰性的黏结剂和导电添加剂等组分,有利于提升电池体系能量密度。本文总结了近年来钠离子电池用自支撑炭基电极材料的最新研究进展,包括碳纳米纤维、碳纳米管、石墨烯及其复合材料,从基底有无的角度详细综述并讨论了自支撑炭基负极的制备策略及其电化学性能,最后对钠离子电池用自支撑炭基负极材料的未来挑战和发展进行了展望。
  • FIG. 2231.  FIG. 2231.

    FIG. 2231..  FIG. 2231.

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of freestanding carbon-based anodes for SIBs

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of Na storage mechanisms: (a) carbonaceous materials, (b) alloy materials, and (c) metallic compounds

    Figure  3.  (a) Schematic illustration of the fabrication for porous CNFs. (b) Na-ion diffusion mechanism of freestanding porous CNFs electrode. Reproduced with permission[41]. Copyright 2014, Royal Society of Chemistry. (c) Schematic of the preparation for N-doped CNFs. (d) Rate capability of N-doped CNFs. Reproduced with permission[42]. Copyright 2016, Wiley–VCH. (e) Schematic illustration of the synthesis for P-doped CFs. (f) Slope and plateau capacity comparison of CNFs and P-doped CNFs. Reproduced with permission[43]. Copyright 2018, American Chemical Society

    Figure  4.  (a) TEM image of FeP@NPC. (Inset shows flexibility of FeP@NPC film.) (b) Cycling performance of FeP@NPC electrode at 1 A g−1. Reproduced with permission[55]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier. (c) Schematic of the preparation process for CoTe2@NMCNFs. (d) SEM image of CoTe2@NMCNFs. (e) N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms of CoTe2@NMCNFs and CoTe2@NCNFs. Reproduced with permission[56]. Copyright 2021, American Chemical Society. (f) Schematic illustration of the preparation for Sn NDs@PNC nanofibers. (g) Digital photos of electrospinning product before and after calcination. (h) Electrochemical performance of Sn NDs@PNC with different Sn contents. (Inset shows the HRTEM of Sn dots before and after cycling.) Reproduced with permission[32]. Copyright 2015, Wiley-VCH

    Figure  5.  (a) Schematic illustration of the preparation for NCP@FCNT-FS film. (b) SEM image of 2D Ni1.5Co0.5Px nanosheets. (c) Digital image of the bending film. (d) Rate capacities of NCP/C, NCP/CNT, and NCP@FCNT-FS. Reproduced with permission[64]. Copyright 2018, Wiley–VCH. (e) Schematic illustration of construction for Fe1−xS@PCNWs/rGO paper. (f) Digital images for various deformations, (g) SEM images, and (h) cycling stabilities for different mass loading of Fe1−xS@PCNWs/rGO. Reproduced with permission[65]. Copyright 2019, Wiley–VCH. (i) Schematic illustration of preparation for P@NGCA. (j) Compressive stress–strain curves and (k) electronic conductivity of GA, GCA, and NGCA. (l) Cycling performance of P@NGCA. Reproduced with permission[69]. Copyright 2022, Royal Society of Chemistry

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic of the preparation process for 1T-MoS2/CC. SEM image of (b) MoO3/CC and (c) 1T-MoS2/CC. Reproduced with permission[79]. Copyright 2018, Royal Society of Chemistry. (d) Model diagram, (e) SEM image of CoxP@CFC, and (f) P 2p XPS analysis of CoxP@CFC. (g) TEM image of mixed-valence CoxP. (h) Comparison of cycling performance at 0.1 A g−1. Reproduced with permission[82]. Copyright 2022, Wiley–VCH. (i) Schematic diagram of the morphology change and (j) Na+ diffusion coefficient comparison of CoP@PPy NWs/CP and CoP NWs/CP during cycling processes. Reproduced with permission[85]. Copyright 2018, Wiley–VCH

    Figure  7.  (a) Digital photographs and schematic diagram of preparation for MFCPs. (b) HRTEM of MFCP-1300. (c) ICE and (d) slope/plateau capacity of a series of MFCPs at 20 mA g−1. Reproduced with permission[92]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier. (e) Schematic of the preparation process for MoS2@CSC. (f) Top and sectional SEM images and (g) Rate performance of MoS2@CSC. Reproduced with permission[93]. Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society. (h) Schematic diagram of 3D carbon-networks/Fe7S8/graphene. (i) SEM image and flexibility display of CFG. (j) Na storage performance of CFG. Reproduced with permission[94]. Copyright 2019, Wiley–VCH

    Table  1.   The reported synthetic methods and electrochemical properties of free-standing carbon-based anodes for SIBs

    SubstrateMaterialsSynthetic methodsICEElectrochemical performanceRef.
    FreePorous CNFsSoft template and electrospinning53.5%266 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 100 cycles[41]
    N-doped CNFsElectrospinning-377 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 100 cycles[42]
    N/S co-doped CNFsElectrospinning62.0%336 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 100 cycles[48]
    P-doped CNFsElectrospinning55.7%253 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 200 cycles[43]
    FeP@NPCElectrospinning and phosphatization49.0%391 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 1000 cycles[55]
    CoTe2@NMCNFsElectrospinning and tellurization57.1%261.2 mAh g−1@0.2 A g−1 after 300 cycles[56]
    Sn NDs@PNCElectrospinning70.0%483 mAh g−1@2 A g−1 after 1300 cycles[32]
    P/CFs@RGOElectrospinning and vaporization condensation73.8%406.6 mAh g−1@1 A g−1 after 180 cycles[57]
    Sn/CFCElectrospinning42.3%255 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 200 cycles[58]
    Bi/CNFsElectrospinning53.0%186 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 100 cycles[59]
    SbNP@CElectrospinning55.5%350 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 300 cycles[60]
    NCP@FCNT-FSPhosphatization and vacuum filtration-196.6 mAh g−1@0.5 C after 100 cycles[64]
    Fe1−xS@PCNWs/rGOVacuum filtration and sulfuration66.2%573 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 100 cycles[65]
    P@NGCAFreeze-drying and vaporization condensation80.0%538 mAh g−1@0.2 A g−1 after 100 cycles[69]
    NS-C filmVapor phase polymerization-379.1 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 1000 cycles[73]
    CC1T-MoS2/CCHydrothermal and sulfuration77.7%576 mAh g−1@0.2 A g−1 after 200 cycles[79]
    CCSnS2@graphene nanosheetHydrothermal57.4%378 mAh g−1@1.2 A g−1 after 200 cycles[80]
    CCCoxP@CFCHydrothermal and phosphatization69.4%814 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 100 cycles[82]
    CCSb2O3/CCSolvothermal84.5%900 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 100 cycles[83]
    CPCoP@PPy NWs/CPHydrothermal, phosphization, and polymerization69.1%0.521 mAh cm−2@0.15 mA cm−2 after 100 cycles[85]
    CPMoS2@CHydrothermal and calcintion79.4%286 mAh g−1@0.08 A g−1 after 100 cycles[87]
    CP3D Sn@CNT-CPFreezing-drying and chemical vapourdeposition81.7%0.455 mAh cm−2@0.25 mA cm−2 after 100 cycles[86]
    CFCoP4/CFHydrothermal and phosphatization-851 mAh g−1@0.3 A g−1 after 300 cycles[88]
    CottonCFGVacuum drying and calcintion81.0%0.75 mAh cm−2@6 mA cm−2 after 5000 cycles[94]
    CottonHCF-V2O5Hydrothermal69.4%184 mAh g−1@0.05 A g−1 after 100 cycles[95]
    SilkN-SWC/SnOx@rGOFreezing-drying and calcintion84.1%572.2 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 100 cycles[96]
    Ni foamNC/NFHydrothermal reactions63.1%225.4 mAh g−1@5 A g−1 after 1000 cycles[97]
    Ni foamNi2P/3DGChemical vapor deposition and hydrothermal reactions88.3%212.4 mAh g−1@0.1 A g−1 after 200 cycles[98]
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-24
  • 录用日期:  2023-02-13
  • 修回日期:  2023-02-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-02-17
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-07

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