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Advances in the use of carbonaceous scaffolds for constructing stable composite Li metal anodes

CHEN Yue ZHAO Lu-kang ZHOU Jun-long BIAN Yu-hua GAO Xuan-wen CHEN Hong LIU Zhao-meng LUO Wen-bin

陈粤, 赵鲁康, 周俊龙, 边煜华, 高宣雯, 陈红, 刘朝孟, 骆文彬. 碳基支架在构建稳定复合锂金属阳极方面的研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(4): 698-724. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60734-6
引用本文: 陈粤, 赵鲁康, 周俊龙, 边煜华, 高宣雯, 陈红, 刘朝孟, 骆文彬. 碳基支架在构建稳定复合锂金属阳极方面的研究进展. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(4): 698-724. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60734-6
CHEN Yue, ZHAO Lu-kang, ZHOU Jun-long, BIAN Yu-hua, GAO Xuan-wen, CHEN Hong, LIU Zhao-meng, LUO Wen-bin. Advances in the use of carbonaceous scaffolds for constructing stable composite Li metal anodes. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(4): 698-724. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60734-6
Citation: CHEN Yue, ZHAO Lu-kang, ZHOU Jun-long, BIAN Yu-hua, GAO Xuan-wen, CHEN Hong, LIU Zhao-meng, LUO Wen-bin. Advances in the use of carbonaceous scaffolds for constructing stable composite Li metal anodes. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(4): 698-724. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60734-6

碳基支架在构建稳定复合锂金属阳极方面的研究进展

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60734-6
基金项目: 中国国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.52272194)、辽宁省“兴辽英才”青年拔尖人才计划(No.XLYC2007155)以及中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(No.N2025018、N2025009)的支持
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    高宣雯,博士,副教授. E-mail:gaoxuanwen@mail.neu.edu.cn

    骆文彬,博士,教授. E-mail:luowenbin@smm.neu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ152

Advances in the use of carbonaceous scaffolds for constructing stable composite Li metal anodes

Funds: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (52272194), Liaoning Revitalization Talents Program (XLYC2007155), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N2025018, N2025009). This manuscript was written through the contributions of all the authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript
More Information
  • 摘要: 因为锂金属电池(LMBs)具有高能量密度、高理论比容量和低氧化电位等优点,被认为是后锂离子电池(LIBs)中理想的能量存储装置之一。然而,锂金属阳极(LMA)面临着多种障碍,包括低库仑效率(CE)、大体积膨胀、锂枝晶的形成、低安全和低稳定性及短寿命,这些问题阻碍了LMBs的实际应用。由于低密度、高机械强度、稳定的化学性质和大比表面积等优势,碳基材料受到了广泛关注。建立复合碳基LMA是各种策略中的一种有效选择,因为其具有缓解体积膨胀、降低局部电流密度以及提供均匀Li+沉积的活性成核位点的能力。本文综述了复合碳基LMA的最新研究进展,包括碳基复合材料、元素金属及其化合物与碳基材料的复合物,以及它们与阳极界面稳定性和结构的关系。最后,本文总结并提出了关于将碳基材料作为LMA支架的观点和见解。
  • FIG. 2502.  FIG. 2502.

    FIG. 2502..  FIG. 2502.

    Figure  1.  Carbon-based materials in LMBs as 3D current scaffolds

    Figure  2.  (a) Schematic diagram of the production steps of S-3DG/S and the transmission path and framework of Li and electrons[66]. (b) Schematic of LMA: nanoporous N-doped graphene synthesis[71]. (c) Li foil, graphene-Li, and N-doped graphene-Li symmetrical cells with 1 mAh cm−2 stripping/plating capacity and 1 mA cm−2 current density and voltage characteristics[71]. (d) Schematic diagram of 3DCu@NG manufacturing[72]. (e) The production steps of the NCNT-CC film[73]. (f) Schematic diagram of the deposition behavior of lithium deposition on CF and NOCA@CF[75]. (g) Schematic diagram of the NPCQP-900 synthesis process[76]. (h) Adsorption energy doped with carbon and lithium atoms[76]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  3.  (a) Graphical depiction of the NSC@Ni synthesis method[81]. (b) Optimal configuration of lithium atoms adsorbed at PlN, PdN, PlN-S and PdN-S sites[81]. (c) The fabrication process of PGCF-Li[82]. (d)The SEM image of PGCF-Li is 10 mAh cm−2[82]. (e) Dual-function schematic diagram of a carbon surface with an electron-deficient structure[83]. (f) Physical characterization of the CNT sponge in HRTEM images[84]. (g) Morphology of carbon nanotube sponge during lithium plating/stripping: schematic representation of lithium discharged to carbon nanotube sponge’s electrochemical plating/stripping process[84]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  4.  (a) A diagrammatic representation of the nanoseeding approach for the homogeneous deposition of lithium metal on a 3D host material Joule heat anchors AgNPs evenly to the CNF substrate, which is responsible for Li deposition and growth. Thus, lithium metal is guided into the 3D substrate to generate a homogeneous lithium anode[91]. (b) Schematic diagram of the 3D-AGBN host preparation process with the layered characteristics of the solution[94]. (c) The Li plating/stripping process within the Au@aCNT is shown in the TEM snapshot and the corresponding schematic[96]. (d) Schematic of embedded AuNP entering the interior of the tube by breaking through the separation layer upon lithiation[96]. (e) Li is directed deposition to the bottom of the Li/AuCF anode[97]. (f) Formation of multi-dimensional structures through deposition of single Zn atoms[98]. (g) A Schematic representation of the difference in electron density and surface binding energy between graphene, ZnSAs, and N-graphene[98]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  5.  (a) A diagrammatic representation of the peeling and electroplating behavior lithium foil in a planar form and Li@NRA-CC electrode, mechanisms of breakdown by pitting corrosion, SEI fracture, and dendritic growth, and it describes the synergistic influence of interconnected 3D CC and Co-N-C NRAs on lithium stripping/plating behavior[108]. (b) Process flow diagram for the production of OCCu-Li electrode[109]. (c) Schematic of synthetic procedures of VO2-CNT/CNF@Li electrode[111]. (d) Schematic diagram of the NiS@C-HS manufacturing process[112]. (e) Schematic of the sulfur hosts NiS@C-HS and typical C-HS@NiS[112]. (f) Voltage profiles during initial Li plating on different substrates at 1 mA cm−2[113]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  6.  (a) Describe the first-principles calculation of CP binding energy[114]. (b) CP electrodes CE at 1 mA cm−2 and 1 mAh cm−2 at different current densities and different capacities[114] . (c) SEM image of surface topography after Li@NF 100 cycles at 1 mA cm−2[115]. (d) High-resolution XPS spectra of N 1s for CNT-CoP@NC[116]. (e) Lithium nucleation and electroplating process diagram on the Cu foil and CNT-CoP@NC electrode[116]. (f) Process diagram of the preparation process of the CC/Li/Li3N composite electrode[117]. (g) NZP/NF synthesis process diagram[119]. (h) A diagrammatic representation of the preparation process of LiCu3P/CoP@C/CNT[120]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  7.  (a) A diagrammatic representation of the reaction mechanism of Li-Ti3C2Tx-CC with a bare lithium electrode[126]. (b) Diagram of lithium plating on MXene@CNF film[127]. (c) Schematic diagram of the lithium stripping/plating process of AlF3@CNF interlayer. A potential gradient (∆E) is formed as the resistance between layers increases[128]. (d) Schematic diagram of lithium metal deposition on BGCF[129]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  8.  (a) schematic process of the Li plating on bare CuNW and GDY@CuNW current collectors[135]. (b) impedance variations at different cycles (1.0 mA cm−2 , 1.0 mAh cm−2 )[135]. (c) Raman spectra of GDY and Ni/GDY[136]. (d) Under the conditions of 1 mAh cm−2/1 mA cm−2, the Li plating and stripping efffciency of Ni/GDY electrodes[136]. (e) Schematic lithium plating on bare Cu foil and Cu-GDY NWs[137]. (f) Cycling performance of full cells with LFP at 0.5 C[137]. ( Reprinted with permission )

    Figure  9.  Mechanism of carbonceous scaffolds in LMBs

    Table  1.   Performance of LMBs using carbonaceous scaffolds as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle Number/h, CE)
    Operating conditions (Current censity/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Refs
    3D-printed GO frameworks300, 95.5%1, 1[65]
    Sulfur doped 3D graphene/sulfur particles100, 93.9%0.5, 1[66]
    N-doped graphene modified 3D porous Cu50, 97.0%1, 2[72]
    N-doped carbon nanotube modified carbon cloth400, 99.7%1, 1[73]
    N/O dual-doped 3D porous carbon350, 95.7%1, 1[75]
    N, P dual-doped carbon200, 97.5%1, 1[76]
    3D N, O co-doped carbon nanosphere600, 98.2%0.5, 0.5[80]
    CNT sponge as a 3D porous90, 98.5%1, 2[84]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Performance of LMBs using elemental metal composite as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle number/h,CE)
    Operating conditions (Current density/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Refs
    Silver nanowireand graphene-based hierarchical host
    with a binary network structure
    50, 97.3%1, 6[94]
    Zn single-atom250, 100%1, 2[98]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Performance of LMBs using composite with metallic oxygen/sulphur/selenium compounds as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle number/h,CE)
    Operating conditions (Current density/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Refs
    Nanorod arrays modified carbon cloth100, 97.5%2, 4[108]
    Vanadium oxide modified carbon nanotube films500, 99%1, 1[111]
    3D carbon aerogel decorated with cobalt selenide nanoparticles100, 99.3%6, 6[113]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  4.   Performance of LMBs using composite with metal nitrides/phosphides as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle number/h, CE)
    Operating conditions (Current density/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Refs
    Aluminum nitride nanosheets as an additive and carbon
    paper as 3D current collector
    350, 95.8%1, 1[114]
    Nitride decorated nickel foams300, 97.0%1, 3[115]
    Construction of nickel phosphide nanosheets modified with nickel foam280, 98.5%1, 1[119]
    Nitrogen-doped hollow porous polyhedron carbon400, 96.9%1, 1[116]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  5.   Performance of LMBs using composite with metal-carbide composites and fluoride/bromide/iodide as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle number/h, CE)
    Operating conditions (Current density/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Reference
    Ti3C2Tx MXene films mixed with trace cellulose nanofibers200, 98.9%0.5, 2[127]
    AlF3 particles embedded within carbon nanofibers450, 97.2%1, 1[128]
    CuBr- and Br-doped graphene-like film modified
    Cu foam
    300, 98.8%2, 2[129]
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  6.   Performance of LMBs using composite with other carbon-based forms as 3D current collectors

    Current collectorHalf cell performance
    (Cycle number/h, CE)
    Operating conditions (Current density/(mA cm−2),
    Areal capacity/(mAh cm−2))
    Reference
    The CuNW electrode modified by GDY nanofilms200, 96.5%0.5, 0.5[135]
    Ni-anchored graphdiyne modified copper foam substrate200, 98.5%1, 1[136]
    grew GDY nanofilms on a Cu nanowire network500, 99.2%1, 2[137]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-02-15
  • 录用日期:  2023-03-24
  • 修回日期:  2023-03-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-03-31
  • 刊出日期:  2023-08-01

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