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Factors that influence the performance of hydrogen detectors based on single-wall carbon nanotubes

ZHANG Zhi-feng YANG Ye-xin ZHU Song-lin SHI Yan SONG Jiang-feng REN Guang-kun DENG Shun-jie TIAN Xiao-feng ZHENG Zhe

张志峰, 杨业鑫, 朱松林, 石岩, 宋江锋, 任广坤, 邓舜杰, 田晓峰, 郑哲. 影响单壁碳纳米管氢气传感器的因素. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(5): 825-836. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60749-8
引用本文: 张志峰, 杨业鑫, 朱松林, 石岩, 宋江锋, 任广坤, 邓舜杰, 田晓峰, 郑哲. 影响单壁碳纳米管氢气传感器的因素. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(5): 825-836. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60749-8
ZHANG Zhi-feng, YANG Ye-xin, ZHU Song-lin, SHI Yan, SONG Jiang-feng, REN Guang-kun, DENG Shun-jie, TIAN Xiao-feng, ZHENG Zhe. Factors that influence the performance of hydrogen detectors based on single-wall carbon nanotubes. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(5): 825-836. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60749-8
Citation: ZHANG Zhi-feng, YANG Ye-xin, ZHU Song-lin, SHI Yan, SONG Jiang-feng, REN Guang-kun, DENG Shun-jie, TIAN Xiao-feng, ZHENG Zhe. Factors that influence the performance of hydrogen detectors based on single-wall carbon nanotubes. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(5): 825-836. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60749-8

影响单壁碳纳米管氢气传感器的因素

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60749-8
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(52002362,51902298);中国工程物理研究院院长基金(YZJJLX2020007);中国工程物理研究院材料研究所项目(TP02201907);四川省科技计划项目(2020JDRC0002)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    宋江锋,高级工程师. E-mail:iterchina@163.com

    田晓峰,教授. E-mail:x.tian@cdut.edu.cn

    郑 哲,助理研究员. E-mail:zhengzhe@caep.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB33

Factors that influence the performance of hydrogen detectors based on single-wall carbon nanotubes

Funds: This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (52002362, 51902298), Foundation of President of China Academy of Engineering Physics (YZJJLX2020007), Institute of Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics program (TP02201907), Sichuan Science and Technology Program (2020JDRC0002)
More Information
  • 摘要: 单壁碳纳米管用于制造氢气传感器已有几十年的历史。由于单壁碳纳米管与氢气的相互作用很小,因此需采用了多种改性来辅助,改性物包括金属、金属氧化物与聚合物等。一些研究指出,当与碳纳米管上的官能团结合时,改性物可以使响应提高几个数量级。在目前的研究中,已开发了许多新的结构。此外,单壁碳纳米管的直径和手性等结构也会影响氢气探测器的性能。本文对单壁碳纳米管的改性进行了分类,并对其影响因素进行了讨论,旨在为制造高响应度和低检测限的探测器提供支撑。
  • FIG. 2648.  FIG. 2648.

    FIG. 2648..  FIG. 2648.

    Figure  1.  (a) Response curve of an individual SWCNTs coated with Pd particles to 4.0×10−4 H2 on and off cycles in air (left) and to 0.4×10−4 H2 self-recovery in air (right). Reproduced with permission from Ref[20], Copyright from WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69469 Weinheim, 2001. (b) I-V characteristics showing the resistance change with increase in amount of charge used for Pd of electrodeposition. Reproduced with permission from Ref[21], Copyright from 2007 American Chemical Society

    Figure  2.  (a) Response curves of for 6% H2 at different temperatures. Reproduced with permission from Ref[16], Copyright from 2010 Elsevier B.V. (b) Response curves of 0.15×10−2 H2 for SnO2 and SWCNTs/SnO2 at different temperatures, respectively. Reproduced with permission from Ref[22], Copyright from 2007 Elsevier B. Response curves of (c) SnO2-SWCNTs and (d) Pt-SnO2-SWCNTs films with different transparencies in 1%-6% H2. Reproduced with permission from Ref[19], Copyright from 2012 Elsevier B.V. Response curves of (e) the Pd-SWCNTs film/SiO2/p-Si heterostructure for 0.02% H2 and (f) the Pd-SWCNTs film resistance-type device for 0.05% H2. Reproduced with permission from Ref[34], Copyright from 2015 Author (s)

    Figure  3.  (a) A schematic illustration of a film of SWCNTs-based on a glass substrate. (b) Interactions of H2 with the Type III sensor. Reproduced with permission from Ref[36], Copyright from 2010 Elsevier B.V. (c) Response of Pd-SWCNTs and Pd-exfoliated SWCNTs thin films during repeated H2 on and off with an H2 concentration of 4% in air. Reproduced with permission from Ref[46], Copyright from 2007 Elsevier B.V. (d) The image of Pd random decoration of the s-SWCNTs at different position, response of the defective device. Reproduced with permission from Ref[47]. Copyright from 2010 American Chemical Society

    Figure  4.  (a) The response of CNT-Pd nanoparticles H2 sensor with the deposition of four QPd values: showing three different of H2 concentration: Left, 0.1×10−4 < [H2] < 0.1×10−3; Middle, 0.1×10−3 < [H2] < 0.1×10−2, Right, 0.2×10−2 < [H2] < 0.4×10−1. (b) The image of a single CNT rope decorated with Pd nanoparticles. Reproduced with permission from Ref[48], Copyright from American Chemical Society

    Figure  5.  (a) Conductivity to different H2 concentrations. Reproduced with permission from Ref[49], Copyright from 2003 Nature Publishing Group. (b) Response curves of at different diameter and chirality SWCNTs/Pd FETs on Si/SiO2. Reproduced with permission from Ref[37], Copyright from 2011 American Chemical Society. (c) Changes of the valence band of Schottky barrier with various H2 concentrations. Reproduced with permission from Ref[49], Copyright from 2003 Nature Publishing Group. (d) The diameter of SWCNTs increases from large to small, but the performance increases from low to high to low. (e) The relationship between the diameter and conductivity of different chiral carbon nanotubes in three s-SWCNTs FETs. Reproduced with permission from Ref[37], Copyright from 2011 American Chemical Society. (f) The image of the Pd-decorated SWCNTs film H2 sensor. (g) Real time response to different H2 concentrations at room temperature. (h) Response time and decay time can be defined by fitting portions of the curves. Reproduced with permission from Ref[13], Copyright from American Chemical Society

    Table  1.   Characteristics of various SWCNT-Based H2 Sensors

    SampleLODTemperatureConcentration rangeResponse timeRefs
    SWCNTs-Pd-functionalized0.5%RT0.5% - 3%~ 2 min[31]
    SWCNTs-Pd1%RT/20 s[25]
    SWCNTs-Pd-functionalized0.3%RT0.5% - 4%~10 min[32]
    SWCNTs-Pd- Electrochemical1.0×10−5RT0.1×10−4 - 0.15×10−33 min[29]
    SWCNTs-Pd1%RT0.05% - 1%3 s[30]
    SWCNTs-Pd1%RT0.3×10−4 - 1×10−3 1.5 s[12]
    SWCNTs/Pd-grafted1%RT0.001% - 1%7 s[27]
    SWCNTs-COOH-Pd1.0×10−4RT0.3×10−4 - 0.3×10−3 20 min[21]
    SWCNTs-Pd2.5%RT0.025% - 2.5%5 s[28]
    SWCNTs-Pd0.7×10−7 ///[24]
    SWCNTs/DNA/Pd1.0×10−4RT1×10−4 - 1×10−3 13 min[36]
    s-SWCNTs-Pd8.9×10−7RT0.89×10−7 - 0.311×10−3 7 s[13]
    SWCNTs/Pd0.73×10−6RT0.73×10−6 - 0.5×10−4 3.6 min[37]
    SWCNTs/Pd0.74×10−7RT0.25×10−4 - 0.2×10−311.8 min[38]
    SWCNTs/SnO21.5×10−3250 °C0.3×10−3 - 0.5×10−32-3 s[39]
    SWCNTs/CuO6%250 °C>6%~1.2 min[16]
    SWCNTs/SnO21%RT>1%2-3 s[18]
    SWCNTs/SnO2-Pt6%200 °C1% - 6%<40 s[19]
    SWCNTs/SiO2/Si-Pd0.05%RT0.02% - 0.1%~552 s[35]
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-21
  • 修回日期:  2023-05-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-06-02
  • 刊出日期:  2023-10-01

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