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A universal strategy for producing 2D functional carbon-rich materials from 2D porous organic polymers for dual-carbon lithium-ion capacitors

XIN Xiao-yu ZHAO Bin YUE Jin-shu KONG De-bin ZHOU Shan-ke HUANG Xiao-xiong WANG Bin ZHI Lin-jie XIAO Zhi-chang

辛晓雨, 赵斌, 岳金书, 孔德斌, 周善柯, 黄小雄, 王斌, 智林杰, 肖志昌. 基于二维多孔有机聚合物制备二维功能化富炭材料的普适性策略及双炭锂离子电容器应用. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(5): 898-912. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60760-7
引用本文: 辛晓雨, 赵斌, 岳金书, 孔德斌, 周善柯, 黄小雄, 王斌, 智林杰, 肖志昌. 基于二维多孔有机聚合物制备二维功能化富炭材料的普适性策略及双炭锂离子电容器应用. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(5): 898-912. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60760-7
XIN Xiao-yu, ZHAO Bin, YUE Jin-shu, KONG De-bin, ZHOU Shan-ke, HUANG Xiao-xiong, WANG Bin, ZHI Lin-jie, XIAO Zhi-chang. A universal strategy for producing 2D functional carbon-rich materials from 2D porous organic polymers for dual-carbon lithium-ion capacitors. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(5): 898-912. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60760-7
Citation: XIN Xiao-yu, ZHAO Bin, YUE Jin-shu, KONG De-bin, ZHOU Shan-ke, HUANG Xiao-xiong, WANG Bin, ZHI Lin-jie, XIAO Zhi-chang. A universal strategy for producing 2D functional carbon-rich materials from 2D porous organic polymers for dual-carbon lithium-ion capacitors. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(5): 898-912. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60760-7

基于二维多孔有机聚合物制备二维功能化富炭材料的普适性策略及双炭锂离子电容器应用

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60760-7
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(22005084,U20A20131);河北省教育厅科学技术研究项目(BJK2023021);河北省自然科学基金(E2019204131);河北农业大学引进人才项目(YJ201819)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    智林杰,教授. E-mail:zhilj@nanoctr.cn

    肖志昌,教授. E-mail:xiaozhichangcnu@sina.cn

  • 中图分类号: 127.1+1

A universal strategy for producing 2D functional carbon-rich materials from 2D porous organic polymers for dual-carbon lithium-ion capacitors

More Information
  • 摘要: 二维炭材料引起了研究人员广泛的关注,然而,其复杂的合成方法、非均匀的结构以及难以精确控制的性质限制了这一形貌控制科学的发展。本研究开发了一种普适性的制备方法,通过简便的化学交联反应,利用吡咯和吲哚作为氮源,3,4-乙烯二氧噻吩作为硫源,制备了一系列杂原子掺杂的二维多孔聚合物。这种自下而上的策略能够实现高杂原子含量、丰富孔性结构和超薄厚度的功能化炭纳米片的大规模合成。因此,所得到的氮掺杂炭纳米片作为锂离子电容器负极,在5 A g−1条件下表现出573.4 mAh g−1的比容量,而经优化的氮掺杂炭纳米片作为锂离子电容器正极,在5 A g−1条件下表现出100.0 F g−1的比电容。基于此,开发了一种双碳离子电容器,在400 W kg−1条件下,168.4 Wh kg−1的能量密度,循环10000次后循环稳定性保持在86.3%。值得注意的是,这种自下而上的策略为大规模精确定制具有目标结构和性质的二维功能化炭纳米片开辟了新途径。
  • FIG. 2653.  FIG. 2653.

    FIG. 2653..  FIG. 2653.

    Figure  1.  Exploration for the formation mechanism of the NPNs: (a) Illustration for synthesis of heteroatom-doped 2D porous polymer and porous carbon-rich materials; (b)-(c) SEM images of CNPNs at different magnifications; (d)-(f) element mapping images of aluminum and oxygen; (g) element content analysis of CNPNs

    Figure  2.  Universality for constructing 2D porous organic polymers: (a, b) SEM images of indole-NPNs under different magnification settings; (c, d) SEM images of indole-NCNs at different magnifications; (e) AFM image of indole-NCNs; (f, g) SEM images of EDOT-SPNs under different magnification settings; (h, i) SEM images of EDOT-SCNs at different magnifications; (j) AFM image of EDOT-SCNs

    Figure  3.  Chemical structure of pyrrole-based 2D materials: (a) FTIR spectra; (b) 13C solid state NMR spectra; High-resolution N1s spectra of (c) NPNs and (d) NCNs

    Figure  4.  Nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms at 77.3 K of (a) NPNs and NCNs, (b) ANCNs. Insets show the pore-size distribution results based on the DFT model; (c) HRTEM image; (d) Dark-field TEM and elemental mapping images of NPNs; (e) AFM image of NCNs

    Figure  5.  EDLC performance of ANCNs: (a) CV curves at a scan rate of 100 mV s−1 ; (b) GCD profiles at 0.5 A g−1; (c) EIS curves. Supercapacitor performance based on ANCNs-3: (d) CV curves at scan rates from 2 to 100 mV s−1; (e) GCD profiles from 0.2 to 5 A g−1; (f) long-term cycling performance for 10000 cycles at 2 A g−1

    Figure  6.  (a) Schematic illustration, (b) CV curves at different scan rates and (c) GCD profiles of the NCNs//ANCNs-3 LIC; (d) Comparative analysis of Ragone plots: NCNs//ANCNs dual-carbon LIC versus previously reported dual-carbon LICs; (e) long-term cycling stability at 2 A g−1 (insets are the GCD profiles of the first three and last three cycles); (f) the digital photograph of an LED panel powered by the NCNs// ANCNs-3 LIC

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-06
  • 录用日期:  2023-06-12
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-06-16
  • 刊出日期:  2023-10-01

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