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Carbon-based materials for advanced lithium metal batteries based on carbon units of different dimensions

ZHANG Xing-hao XIE Ting KONG De-bin ZHI Lin-jie

张兴豪, 谢挺, 孔德斌, 智林杰. 用于高性能金属锂电池的炭材料维度化设计. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(4): 583-598. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60768-1
引用本文: 张兴豪, 谢挺, 孔德斌, 智林杰. 用于高性能金属锂电池的炭材料维度化设计. 新型炭材料(中英文), 2023, 38(4): 583-598. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60768-1
ZHANG Xing-hao, XIE Ting, KONG De-bin, ZHI Lin-jie. Carbon-based materials for advanced lithium metal batteries based on carbon units of different dimensions. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(4): 583-598. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60768-1
Citation: ZHANG Xing-hao, XIE Ting, KONG De-bin, ZHI Lin-jie. Carbon-based materials for advanced lithium metal batteries based on carbon units of different dimensions. New Carbon Mater., 2023, 38(4): 583-598. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60768-1

用于高性能金属锂电池的炭材料维度化设计

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(23)60768-1
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(U20A20131,52102274);国家节能低碳材料生产应用示范平台项目(TC220H06N);重质油国家重点实验室开放基金资助项目(SKLHOP202101012)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    智林杰,教授. E-mail:zhilj@upc.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ127.1+1

Carbon-based materials for advanced lithium metal batteries based on carbon units of different dimensions

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (U20A20131, 52102274), National Energy-Saving and Low-Carbon Materials Production and Application Demonstration Platform Program (TC220H06N), and the State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing (SKLHOP202101012)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    张兴豪和谢挺为共同第一作者

    Corresponding author: ZHI Lin-jie, Professor. E-mail: zhilj@upc.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 为发展下一代高性能电池,具有超高比容量(3860 mAh g−1)和低氧化还原电位(相对于标准氢电极(SHE) −3.04 V)的金属锂负极已成为广泛研究的热点。然而,不可控的枝晶生长、较低的库伦效率和巨大的体积形变等问题严重阻碍了金属锂负极的商业化应用进程。炭材料由于具有高电子迁移率、稳定的电化学性能、可调节的物理化学性质以及质量轻等特点,被认为是克服这些问题非常有前景的一种金属锂宿主/载体材料。基于此,作者讨论了炭宿主/载体调控和设计方面取得的最新进展,并基于炭材料单元维度变化,总结和讨论碳宿主/载体的锂亲和性改性策略及炭材料单元维度变化和锂亲和性调控与电化学性能的关系。最后,面向实用化可充电金属锂电池,提出高性能炭宿主/载体合理构建的发展方向和前景。
  • FIG. 2496.  FIG. 2496.

    FIG. 2496..  FIG. 2496.

    Figure  1.  (a) Schematic diagrams of the Li deposition/dissolution processes on different substrates. (b) SEM image after initial Li deposition. (c) Cycling performances at different current rates[43]. Reproduced by permission of Nature Publishing Group

    Figure  2.  (a) Schematic of the nanocapsules design. (b, c) Voltage profile of hollow carbon shells (b) without and (c)with Au NPs during Li deposition process, respectively[44]. Reproduced by permission of Nature Publishing Group

    Figure  3.  (a) Synthetic approach. (b) TEM image, and (c) Coulombic efficiencies of the H-SiO2/CNTs at different current densities (0.2 and 0.5 mA cm−2, respectively)[58]. Reproduced by permission of American Chemical Society

    Figure  4.  (a) Schematic presentation of the uniform Li metal deposition process on 3D host modified by Ag nanoseeds, (b) SEM images of AgNP/CNFs at different cycle stages[64]. Reproduced by permission of Wiley-VCH

    Figure  5.  (a) Schematic fabrication of a sandwich-like composite electrode film[88]. Reproduced by permission of Nature Publishing Group. (b) Fabrication process, and rate capabilities of the N-doped graphene–Li electrodes[91]. Reproduced by permission of Wiley-VCH. (c) Fabrication process, and rate performance of the hierarchical 3D-AGBN host[95]. Reproduced by permission of Wiley-VCH. (d) Fabrication process, SEM image and cyclic stability of the 3D G/Li anode[98]. Reproduced by permission of Wiley-VCH

    Figure  6.  (a) Fabrication process, (b-c) SEM images, and (d) cyclic stability of the CTC electrode[117]. Reproduced by permission of Elsevier

    Figure  7.  (a) Fabrication process, SEM image, and photographs of the NPCC-Li electrode[119]. Reproduced by permission of Wiley-VCH. (b) Preparation process of the NPCM@CC[121]. Reproduced by permission of the Royal Society of Chemistry. (c) Synthetic process and cyclic stability of the CFC/Li electrode[123]. Reproduced by permission of American Chemical Society

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-06-06
  • 录用日期:  2023-07-05
  • 修回日期:  2023-07-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-07-07
  • 刊出日期:  2023-08-01

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