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Sulfonyl chloride-intensified metal chloride intercalation of graphite for efficient sodium storage

LAN Shu-qin REN Wei-cheng WANG Zhao YU Chang YU Jin-he LIU Ying-bin XIE Yuan-yang ZHANG Xiu-bo WANG Jian-jian QIU Jie-shan

兰淑琴, 任伟成, 王钊, 于畅, 余金河, 刘迎宾, 谢远洋, 张秀波, 王健健, 邱介山. 磺酰氯促进金属氯化物插层石墨以实现高效钠存储. 新型炭材料(中英文). doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(24)60851-6
引用本文: 兰淑琴, 任伟成, 王钊, 于畅, 余金河, 刘迎宾, 谢远洋, 张秀波, 王健健, 邱介山. 磺酰氯促进金属氯化物插层石墨以实现高效钠存储. 新型炭材料(中英文). doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(24)60851-6
LAN Shu-qin, REN Wei-cheng, WANG Zhao, YU Chang, YU Jin-he, LIU Ying-bin, XIE Yuan-yang, ZHANG Xiu-bo, WANG Jian-jian, QIU Jie-shan. Sulfonyl chloride-intensified metal chloride intercalation of graphite for efficient sodium storage. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(24)60851-6
Citation: LAN Shu-qin, REN Wei-cheng, WANG Zhao, YU Chang, YU Jin-he, LIU Ying-bin, XIE Yuan-yang, ZHANG Xiu-bo, WANG Jian-jian, QIU Jie-shan. Sulfonyl chloride-intensified metal chloride intercalation of graphite for efficient sodium storage. New Carbon Mater.. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(24)60851-6

磺酰氯促进金属氯化物插层石墨以实现高效钠存储

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(24)60851-6
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王 钊. E-mail:wangzhao3709@sdau.edu.cn

    于 畅. E-mail:chang.yu@dlut.edu.cn

    邱介山. E-mail:qiujs@mail.buct.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TQ152

Sulfonyl chloride-intensified metal chloride intercalation of graphite for efficient sodium storage

Funds: This work was partly supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2022YFB4101600), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DUT22ZD207, DUT22LAB612), and the Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2023QB095)
More Information
  • 摘要: 金属氯化物-石墨插层化合物具有导电性优异,石墨层间距大等特点,可用作钠离子电池负极材料。然而,在传统金属氯化物插层石墨过程中,不可避免地用到氯气,既增加了实验操作的风险,也对实验设备提出更高要求。基于上述原因,本文创新性地使用SO2Cl2作为氯源来促进BiCl3插层石墨。该方法不仅有效提高了BiCl3插层效率,也避免了直接使用氯气带来的安全性风险。采用该方法所合成的三氯化铋-石墨插层化合物(BiCl3-GICs)的层间距为1.26 nm,BiCl3插层含量高达42%。以其为负极材料,组装的钠离子电池具有高的比容量(213 mAh g1 at 1 A g1)和优异的倍率性能(170 mAh g1 at 5 A g1)。此外,原位拉曼光谱测试结果表明,首圈放电后石墨与插层的BiCl3相互作用减弱,该过程有效促进了钠离子在石墨层内的存储。采用该方法可成功制备多种类型金属氯化物-石墨插层化合物,为开发高性能储能材料提供了可行思路。
  • Figure  1.  Schematic diagram for the formation of BiCl3-GICs

    Figure  2.  (a) XRD patterns and (b) TGA curves of the BiCl3-GICs samples fabricated at various temperatures (reaction time: 10 h). (c) XRD patterns and (d) TGA curves of the BiCl3-GICs samples prepared at various reaction times (reaction temperature: 200 °C). (e) Raman spectra and (f) FT-IR spectra of graphite and the BiCl3-GICs

    Figure  3.  (a) The full XPS survey spectrum of BiCl3-GICs. (b) High-resolution XPS profiles of (b) C 1s, (c) Bi 4f, and (d) Cl 2p in BiCl3-GICs, respectively

    Figure  4.  SEM images of (a-b) graphite and (c-d) BiCl3-GICs. (e-f) TEM images of BiCl3-GICs. (g) The matching mapping images of the elements C, Cl and Bi

    Figure  5.  (a) Raman spectra and (b) XRD patterns of WCl6-GICs, MoCl5-GICs, and graphite. The elemental mapping images of (c) the C, W and Cl elements in the WCl6-GICs and (d) the C, Mo and Cl elements in the MoCl5-GICs. Cycling test for (e) WCl6-GICs and (f) MoCl5-GICs at 1 A g−1

    Figure  6.  (a) Cycling performance of BiCl3-GICs and graphite at 1 A g−1. (b) CV curves and (c) GCD curves of graphite and BiCl3-GICs for the first cycle. (d) CV curves and (e) GCD curves of BiCl3-GICs for the first three cycles. (f) EIS curves of BiCl3-GICs and graphite

    Figure  7.  (a-b) Rate performance of BiCl3-GICs. (c) Comparison of rate performance between this work and the reported SIB anodes. (d) CV curves of BiCl3-GICs at various scan rates. (e) The calculated logarithm connection between scan rate and current based on the CV curves. (f) b-values of different redox peaks

    Figure  8.  CV curve for the first charge/discharge process, the in-situ Raman mapping and the Raman spectra of BiCl3-GICs electrode

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-18
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-01
  • 修回日期:  2024-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-08

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