Volume 36 Issue 1
Feb.  2021
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CHENG Xiao-qin, LI Hui-jun, ZHAO Zhen-xin, WANG Yong-zhen, WANG Xiao-min. The use of in-situ Raman spectroscopy in investigating carbon materials as anodes of alkali metal-ion batteries[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 93-105. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60007-0
Citation: CHENG Xiao-qin, LI Hui-jun, ZHAO Zhen-xin, WANG Yong-zhen, WANG Xiao-min. The use of in-situ Raman spectroscopy in investigating carbon materials as anodes of alkali metal-ion batteries[J]. NEW CARBOM MATERIALS, 2021, 36(1): 93-105. doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60007-0

The use of in-situ Raman spectroscopy in investigating carbon materials as anodes of alkali metal-ion batteries

doi: 10.1016/S1872-5805(21)60007-0
Funds:  The authors would like to offer special thanks to Naticnal Natural Science Foundation of China (U1810115, U1710256, 52072256)
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  • Raman spectroscopy is a fast, non-destructive and high-resolution characterization tool based on laser physics that can be applied to a wide range of materials science problems. It has proven to be an effective tool in studying phase transitions induced by variables such as temperature, pressure or electrochemical reactions. In-situ Raman spectroscopy can be used to track any microstructural changes of the electrode materials and interface reactions in alkali metal-ion batteries during charging and discharging. Carbon materials have become the most widely used anode materials for lithium-ion batteries because of their good electrochemical reversibility, excellent stability, low electrochemical charge/discharge potential platform, and low cost. The use of in-situ Raman spectroscopy in understanding the reactions occurring in alkali metal-ion batteries using carbon anode materials is summarized with a focus on the energy storage mechanism in Li+/Na+/K+ ion batteries using carbon materials such as graphite and hard carbon as the anode materials. The effects of size, stress, doping, and the solvation-assisted co-intercalation of Li+/Na+/K+ ions on the energy storage behavior in alkali metal-ion batteries are analyzed. Based on the strength and weakness of in-situ Raman spectroscopy, its combination with AFM, in situ XRD and other high-resolution in situ technologies is used to reveal the energy storage mechanisms.
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